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Bilal Niaz
Bilal Niaz

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How to Install Laravel on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Laravel is an open-source PHP web framework. It is mainly used for building PHP-based web applications.

Laravel is suitable for both small-scale and enterprise-level application development. Its elegant syntax, advanced features, robust tools help simplify web application development. Laravel is highly scalable and has built-in support for distributed cache systems.

Step 1: Install Apache web server:

 sudo apt install apache2
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Once installed, Apache should be running. If it's not, for whatever reason, start it:

sudo systemctl start apache2
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Then enable it to start on boot time.

sudo systemctl enable apache2
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To verify the status of Apache, execute:

 sudo systemctl status apache2
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Step 2: Install PHP and additional PHP extensions:

sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mbstring php-cli php-bcmath php-json php-xml php-zip php-pdo php-common php-tokenizer php-mysql
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When the installation is complete, verify the PHP version.

php -v
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Step 3: Create Database for Laravel Application:
But first, we need to install a database server. Laravel supported database systems are MariaDB, MySQL, SQLite, Postgres, or SQL Server.
We will go with the MariaDB database engine.

sudo apt install mariadb-server
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Once the database server is installed, log into the MariaDB prompt:

sudo  mysql -u root -p
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Once logged in create the database, database user, and grant all privileges to the database user.

CREATE DATABASE laravel_db;
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CREATE USER 'laravel_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secretpassword';
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GRANT ALL ON laravel_db.* TO 'laravel_user'@'localhost';
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FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
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QUIT;
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Step 4: Install Composer:
Composer is a dependency package manager for PHP. It provides a framework for managing libraries and dependencies and required dependencies. To use Laravel, first install composer.

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
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This downloads the composer.phar file.

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Next, move the composer file to the /usr/local/bin path.

sudo mv composer.phar  /usr/local/bin/composer
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Assign execute permission:

sudo chmod +x   /usr/local/bin/composer
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Verify the Composer version installed:

composer --version
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Step 5: Install Laravel 8 on Ubuntu:
With Composer installed, the next course of action is to install Laravel.

Navigate to the webroot directory, type:

cd /var/www/html
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Now, install Laravel using the composer command, type:

sudo composer create-project laravel/laravel laravelapp
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The command creates a new directory called laravelapp and installs all the files and directories for Laravel.

Change the ownership of the Laravel directory to the webserver user and also the permissions:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/laravelapp
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/laravelapp/storage
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Feel free to replace laravelapp with a preferred directory name.

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Once the installation is done navigate to the installation directory and check the Laravel version.

 cd laravelapp
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php artisan
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Step 6: Configure Apache to serve Laravel site:
Lastly, we need to set up the Apache webserver to host the Laravel site. For that to happen, we need to create a virtual host file

sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/laravel.conf
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Next, past the content shown and replace the example.com ServerName directive with the FQDN or public IP of the server ( Or private IP in case the server is on a LAN network ).

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName example.com
ServerAdmin admin@example.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/laravelapp/public
<Directory /var/www/html/laravelapp>
AllowOverride All
</Directory>
ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Save the changes and exit the file. Next, enable the Laravel site and Apache rewrite module using these two commands.

sudo a2ensite laravel.conf
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sudo a2enmod rewrite
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To apply the changes, restart Apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2
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Step 7: Access Laravel from a browser:

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