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Automation with Systemd & Code

Adam.S
Just a person interested in programming.
Originally published at bas-man.github.io Updated on ・2 min read

Final part in a series of articles on implementing a notification system using Gmail and Line Bot

Today I will briefly share how the systemd configuration files are set and provide a link to the GitHub repo.

Systemd Service

I am running my code under Debian. In order to learn something new. I chose to use systemd to provide scheduling for the script execution.

These files should be placed under /etc/systemd/system/

Here is the script: gnotifier.service

[Unit]
Description=Monitor Gmail Notifier
Wants=gnotifier.timer

[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/usr/bin/python3 /home/ACCOUNT/gmail/gmail.py
WorkingDirectory=/home/ACCOUNT/gmail


[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
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This is fairly straight forward. The filename itself provides the service name gnotifier. We also specify that this script executes once and terminates: oneshot.
To have the service execute multiple times we provide the Wants=gnotifier.timer; this says that we need to read gnotifier.timer to get schedule information.

Systemd Timers

gnotifier.timer

[Unit]
Description=Triggers gnotifier service
Requires=gnotifier.service

[Timer]
Unit=gnotifier.service
# KidzDuo arriving
OnCalendar=Mon,Tue,Thu *-*-* 14:20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55:00
# Swimming
OnCalendar=Wed *-*-* 15:50,55:00
OnCalendar=Wed *-*-* 16:0,5,10,15,20:00
OnCalendar=Wed *-*-* 18:0,5,10,15,20,25:00
# KidzDuo Leaving
OnCalendar=Mon,Tue,Thu *-*-* 18:0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35:00
OnCalendar=Mon,Tue,Thu *-*-* 19:0,5,10,15,20,25:00
AccuracySec=1s

[Install]
WantedBy=timers.target
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There are many ways to configure the timers. Here I have chosen OnCalendar
Let's take a look at one example:
OnCalendar=Mon,Tue,Thu *-*-* 14:20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55:00

Days of the week: Mon,Tue,Thu

Hour: 14 (2pm)

Minutes: 20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 Every 5 minutes starting at 20 minutes.

Seconds: 00

Enable the service

You will need to issue the following commands

systemctl enable gnotifier
systemctl start gnotifier
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You can check your systemd timers using

systemctl list-timers
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Some references

OpenSource Article

ArchLinux Wiki

GitHub Repo

You can find the code for this project here.

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