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This is the first post in a 4 part series on how to build a serverless email subscription service with Azure Functions.
We've all seen then before, and I must admit that I've never really looked into it before I started writing this Azure Tips and Tricks series.
We're all crazy busy, so it seems to be a good idea, for someone to give you an email address and be notified of new posts. OK, so I wanted to do it, and started looking into sites that offer this. After looking around, I kept finding this:
Most companies offer you a certain number of subscribers for free, then you'll quickly get to a paid version once you go over that number.
Since I like to save a penny now and again and am aware that I have more subscribers than the free account offers (200), I decided to roll my own. But what would I need?
My requirements for my version of creating an email subscription is the following:
- A way to email folks for free or really, really cheap.
- Storage to save the email address and a way to indicate if they want to unsubscribe.
- A web page that folks can fill out that can make a POST call.
- Code running in the cloud (1) on a schedule and (2) perform actions based on a POST request.
- Visual Studio and C# as I'm well versed in them.
After poking around for a bit, I landed on the following:
- SendGrid will handle email (25K emails free monthly)
- Azure Storage Tables to save the email address and subscription status (this gives me an unlimited number of subscribers).
- Timer Trigger with Azure Functions to run on a schedule to send emails. (Runs weekly and retrieves my last 7 days worth of blog posts)
- HTTP Trigger with Azure Functions to collect POST data coming from my website that contains the email address and subscription status that someone types in.
- Azure Functions supports Visual Studio tooling and the full .NET Framework. (in case, I want to use something outside of .NET Core)
Go to the Azure Portal and search services for SendGrid and create an account as shown below. You'll notice that I used the Free account as it is good enough for what I was trying to accomplish.
Go to your SendGrid account once provisioned and click on Manage and it will bring you to https://app.sendgrid.com/. From the SendGrid portal, you are going to want to grab your API key. You can find it under Settings, then API Keys. Give your API Key a name and then give it Full Access and click Create and View. Now that you have your API Key, save it somewhere safe.
Go back to the Azure Portal and click Create a Resource and select Azure Storage. We'll keep it simple as shown below to get started.
Once complete, go into the resource and look under Services.
Go ahead and click on Tables and you could create a new table through the portal as shown below.
Go ahead and give the table a name that you'll remember and look under Settings, then Access Keys and copy the connection string as we'll use that shortly.
Now that we have our SendGrid account and our Azure Storage Table created. We can proceed.
Create a C# Azure Function application by opening Visual Studio and selecting the template under the Cloud node as shown below:
Under Storage, change the default emulator to the Azure Storage Account that we created earlier:
We'll begin by using the Timer Trigger and leaving everything as the defaults.
Once the project spins up, we'll use NuGet to pull in references to :
- WindowsAzure.Storage To work with Azure Table Storage.
- Microsoft.WindowsAzure.ConfigurationManager To hide our API keys
- Sendgrid To send our emails
- System.ServiceModel.Syndication To work with RSS feeds - use prerelease packages to find it
That's it for now! We'll do part two tomorrow
Want more Azure Functions? Check out our quickstarts and tutorials!
We'll be posting articles every day in April, so stay tuned or jump ahead and check out more tips and tricks now.