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Migrating class components to hooks – rules

When transitioning from classes to hooks, there are a few rules:

First, a few changes need to be done in the class component:

  • remove as much code as possible from the constructor,
  • use componentDid<Cycle> instead of unsafe componentWill<Cycle>:
Instead of Use these
componentWillMount componentDidMount
componentWillReceiveProps componentDidReceiveProps
componentWillUpdate componentDidUpdate

I recommend you to check react's doc if you want more informations on the deprecation of these methods.

Then those are the main hooks you will want to use:

  • use one useState hook per field in the state,
  • use useEffect instead of componentDidMount, componentDidReceiveProps, componentDidUpdate and componentWillUnmount,
  • use local variables instead of attributes / methods.

If those aren't enough, these are the final rules:

  • if using local variables isn't possible, use useCallback for methods and useMemo for attributes,
  • use useRef for refs or if you need to mutate a method/attribute in different places without triggering a re-render,
  • and if you need a useEffect that runs synchronously after each render (for specific ui interactions), use useLayoutEffect.

If you want to see a concrete application of these rules, you can check this post in which I wrote a detailed migration of react-only

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