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How to Trigger an AWS Lambda from SQS

Alex Kates
Senior Software Engineer at https://creditgenie.com.Passionate about full-stack JavaScript, AWS Serverless, and Extreme Programming.
Updated on ・3 min read

In this post we are going to use the AWS CDK to build an AWS Lambda Function that triggers from an AWS SQS message.

All of the code can be found in this repository.

Setup

We need to run a few commands to setup our CDK app.

mkdir how-to-trigger-lambda-from-sqs
cd how-to-trigger-lambda-from-sqs
npx cdk init app --language typescript
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This should give you the following directory structure.
Directory structure after running the CDK init command

Also make sure you have your AWS CLI configured. For more information follow the AWS CLI quickstart guide.

Create an SQS Queue

Install the SQS CDK package.

npm i @aws-cdk/aws-sqs
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Open lib/how-to-trigger-lambda-from-sqs-stack.ts, add a new SQS queue, and deploy.

import * as cdk from '@aws-cdk/core';
import * as sqs from '@aws-cdk/aws-sqs';

export class HowToTriggerLambdaFromSqsStack extends cdk.Stack {
  constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    const queue = new sqs.Queue(this, 'OurSqsQueue', {
      queueName: 'OurSQSQueue',
    });
  }
}

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Nice! Let's deploy the stack.

npm run cdk deploy

Create a Lambda

Install the Lambda CDK package.

npm i @aws-cdk/aws-lambda
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Deploying a Lambda function requires bootstrapping your CDK app which gives us an S3 bucket where our Lambda's source code will live. This is a one time operation.

npm run cdk bootstrap
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Create src/index.js and paste the following code

exports.handler = async (event) => {
  event.Records.forEach((record) => {
    console.log('Record: %j', record);
  });
};
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Open lib/how-to-trigger-lambda-from-sqs-stack.ts, add a new Lambda function, and deploy.

import * as cdk from '@aws-cdk/core';
import * as sqs from '@aws-cdk/aws-sqs';
import * as lambda from '@aws-cdk/aws-lambda';

export class HowToTriggerLambdaFromSqsStack extends cdk.Stack {
  constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    const queue = new sqs.Queue(this, 'OurSqsQueue', {
      queueName: 'OurSQSQueue',
    });

    const lambdaFunction = new lambda.Function(this, 'Function', {
      code: lambda.Code.fromAsset('src'),
      handler: 'index.handler',
      functionName: 'SqsMessageHandler',
      runtime: lambda.Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
    });
  }
}
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Deploy again ...

npm run cdk deploy
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You may need to confirm some IAM changes.
IAM changes after deploying stack with Lambda function

Create the Event Source

Install the Lambda Event Sources CDK package.

npm i @aws-cdk/aws-lambda-event-sources
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Open lib/how-to-trigger-lambda-from-sqs-stack.ts, add a new SqsEventSource to the Lambda Function.

import * as cdk from '@aws-cdk/core';
import * as sqs from '@aws-cdk/aws-sqs';
import * as lambda from '@aws-cdk/aws-lambda';
import * as lambdaEventSources from '@aws-cdk/aws-lambda-event-sources';

export class HowToTriggerLambdaFromSqsStack extends cdk.Stack {
  constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    const queue = new sqs.Queue(this, 'OurSqsQueue', {
      queueName: 'OurSQSQueue',
    });

    const lambdaFunction = new lambda.Function(this, 'Function', {
      code: lambda.Code.fromAsset('src'),
      handler: 'index.handler',
      functionName: 'SqsMessageHandler',
      runtime: lambda.Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
    });

    const eventSource = new lambdaEventSources.SqsEventSource(queue);

    lambdaFunction.addEventSource(eventSource);
  }
}
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One more deployment ...

npm run cdk deploy
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One last time, you may need to approve IAM changes.

IAM changes approval after deploying the SQS event source

Testing

We are going to make use of the AWS CLI to test our stack.

First, we need the Queue URL of our SQS queue, which you can get using the following command

aws sqs get-queue-url --queue-name OurSQSQueue
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Next, using the Queue URL from the previous command, use the AWS CLI to send a new message to OurSQSQueue. Your Queue URL may vary, but for me this command looks like this.

aws sqs send-message \
--message-body "Hello, world" \
--queue-url https://sqs.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/472331918655/OurSQSQueue
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Verify that the Lambda executed by looking in CloudWatch. Find the LogGroup named /aws/lambda/SqsMessageHandler and open up the latest LogStream. You should see some log messages that look similar to this.

CloudWatch results after sending a new SQS message

Clean Up

Don't forget to delete your stack when you are finished!

npm run cdk destroy
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Thanks for reading! If you found this useful, please follow me here
https://dev.to/thealexkates
https://twitter.com/thealexkates

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