DEV Community

loading...

Node.js Basics — MongoDB Upserts and Queries

aumayeung profile image John Au-Yeung Originally published at thewebdev.info ・2 min read

Check out my books on Amazon at https://www.amazon.com/John-Au-Yeung/e/B08FT5NT62

Subscribe to my email list now at http://jauyeung.net/subscribe/

Node.js is a popular runtime platform to create programs that run on it.

It lets us run JavaScript outside the browser.

In this article, we’ll look at how to start using Node.js to create programs.

Upserts

We can do upserts by setting the upsert option to true .

For example, we can write:

const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');
const connection = "mongodb://localhost:27017";
const client = new MongoClient(connection);

async function run() {
  try {
    await client.connect();
    const testCollection = await client.db("test").collection('test');
    const result = await testCollection.insertOne({
      name: "Popeye",
    });
    console.log(result)
    const query = { name: "Popeye" };
    const update = {
      $set: { name: "Popeye", address: "3 Nassau St" }
    };
    const options = { upsert: true };
    const updateResult = await testCollection.updateOne(query, update, options);
    console.log(updateResult)
  } finally {
    await client.close();
  }
}
run().catch(console.dir);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

We set the upsert property in the options object to true so that we can insert the entry when it’s not available.

The $set property lets us set the properties we want to set.

Querying Data

We can query data in to search for in the collection and then do our updates to the results.

For example, we can write:

const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');
const connection = "mongodb://localhost:27017";
const client = new MongoClient(connection);

async function run() {
  try {
    await client.connect();
    const testCollection = await client.db("test").collection('test');
    const result = await testCollection.insertOne({
      name: "Popeye",
    });
    console.log(result)
    const query = { name: "Popeye" };
    const cursor = testCollection.find(query);
    await cursor.forEach(console.dir);
  } finally {
    await client.close();
  }
}
run().catch(console.dir);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

to make a query to find the documents with the name set to 'Popeye' .

We call the find method to find all the entries with that value.

And then we call the forEach method to search for items.

We can also search for the items with a given quantity.

To do that, we can write:

const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');
const connection = "mongodb://localhost:27017";
const client = new MongoClient(connection);

async function run() {
  try {
    await client.connect();
    const testCollection = await client.db("test").collection('test');
    const result = await testCollection.insertMany([
      {
        name: "Popeye",
        rating: 5
      },
      {
        name: "KFC",
        rating: 4
      },
    ]);
    console.log(result)
    const query = {
      rating: { $eq: 5 }
    };
    const cursor = testCollection.find(query);
    await cursor.forEach(console.dir);
  } finally {
    await client.close();
  }
}
run().catch(console.dir);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

We inserted 2 entries into our collection.

Then we make the query with the find method.

The $eq key means we want to search for the items that equals something.

Therefore, we search for any documents with the rating property equal to 5.

This is the same as:

const { MongoClient } = require('mongodb');
const connection = "mongodb://localhost:27017";
const client = new MongoClient(connection);

async function run() {
  try {
    await client.connect();
    const testCollection = await client.db("test").collection('test');
    const result = await testCollection.insertMany([
      {
        name: "Popeye",
        rating: 5
      },
      {
        name: "KFC",
        rating: 4
      },
    ]);
    console.log(result)
    const query = {
      rating: 5
    };
    const cursor = testCollection.find(query);
    await cursor.forEach(console.dir);
  } finally {
    await client.close();
  }
}
run().catch(console.dir);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Conclusion

We can query items by using various operations supported by MongoDB.

Discussion (0)

pic
Editor guide