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Cover image for I Migrated Away from Apollo Client to Vercel SWR and Prisma graphql-request...and You Can Too!

I Migrated Away from Apollo Client to Vercel SWR and Prisma graphql-request...and You Can Too!

aryanjnyc profile image Aryan J Originally published at thewebdevcoach.com Updated on ・3 min read

GraphQL requests are simply POST requests made to your GraphQL endpoint. Why, oh why, does it need all this overhead of setting up an Apollo Client?

I was tired of setting up Apollo Client and it proved to be a huge headache when paired with Vercel Next.js's Now. Something needed to give.

Enter Prisma's graphql-request (for making the actual POST request) and Vercel SWR (for state caching). By remove Apollo Client, I manage to shave off 40 kB from my JavaScript build. I mean, look at this Next.js with Apollo hell I avoided!

OK, OK, you came here for examples of how to migrate. Here they are!

Basic Query without a Variable

With Apollo Client

// with Apollo Client:
import { gql, useQuery } from '@apollo/client';

const PAID_JOBS_QUERY = gql`
  query paidJobPosts {
    jobPosts {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = () => {
  const { data, loading, error } = useQuery(PAID_JOBS_QUERY); 
}

With Vercel SWR and Prisma graphql-request

// with SWR and graphql-request
import { request } from 'graphql-request';
import useSWR from 'swr';

// the comment below gives us VSCode syntax highlighting!
const PAID_JOBS_QUERY = /* GraphQL */ `
  query paidJobPosts {
    jobPosts {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = () => {
  const { data, error } = useSWR(PAID_JOBS_QUERY, (query) => request('/api', query));
  const loading = !data;
};

Basic Query with a Variable

With Apollo Client

// with Apollo Client:
import { gql, useQuery } from '@apollo/client';
const JOB_POST_BY_ID_QUERY = gql`
  query jobPostByIdQuery($id: String) {
    jobPost(where: { id: $id }) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = ({ id }) => {
  const { data, loading, error } = useQuery(JOB_POST_BY_ID_QUERY, { variables: { id } });
};

With Vercel SWR and Prisma graphql-request

// with SWR and graphql-request
import { request } from 'graphql-request';
import useSWR from 'swr';

// the comment below gives us VSCode syntax highlighting!
const JOB_POST_BY_ID_QUERY = /* GraphQL */ `
  query jobPostByIdQuery($id: String) {
    jobPost(where: { id: $id }) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = ({ id }) => {
  const { data, error } = useSWR([JOB_POST_BY_ID_QUERY, id], (query, id) => request('/api', query, { id }));
  const loading = !data;
};

Basic Mutation with Variables

With Apollo Client

// with Apollo Client:
import { gql, useMutation } from '@apollo/client';

const CREATE_JOB_POST_MUTATION = gql`
  mutation createJobPostMutation($jobName: String!) {
    createOneJobPost(jobName: $jobName) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = () => {
  const [createJobPost] = useMutation(CREATE_JOB_POST_MUTATION);

  const submitJobPost = async (jobName) => {
    const { data } = await createJobPost({ variables: { jobName } });
    // do something with job post
  };
};

With Prisma graphql-request

// with SWR and graphql-request
import { request } from 'graphql-request';

const CREATE_JOB_POST_MUTATION = /* GraphQL */ `
  mutation createJobPostMutation($jobName: String!) {
    createOneJobPost(jobName: $jobName) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const createJobPost = (variables) => {
  return request('/api', CREATE_JOB_POST_MUTATION, variables);
};

const yourReactComponent = ({ id }) => {
  const submitJobPost = async (jobName) => {
    const data = await createJobPost({ jobName });
    // do something with data
  };
};

Mutation with Cache Refreshing

With Apollo Client

// with Apollo Client:
import { gql, useMutation, useQuery } from '@apollo/client';

const ME_QUERY = gql`
  query MeQuery {
    me {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const someReactComponentThatFetchesMe = () => {
  const { data } = useQuery(ME_QUERY);
};

const SIGNIN_MUTATION = gql`
  mutation signInMutation($email: String!, password: String!) {
    signin(email: $email, password: $password) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const yourReactComponent = () => {
  const [signin] = useMutation(SIGNIN_MUTATION);

  const submit = (email, password) => {
    signin({ variables: { email, password }, refetchQueries: [{ query: ME_QUERY }] });
  };
};

With Vercel SWR and Prisma graphql-request

// with SWR and graphql-request
import { request } from 'graphql-request';
import useSWR from 'swr';

const ME_QUERY = /* GraphQL */ `
  query MeQuery {
    me {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const someReactComponentThatFetchesMe = () => {
  const { data } = useSWR(ME_QUERY); // the key to this value in cache is the value fo ME_QUERY
};

const SIGNIN_MUTATION = /* GraphQL */ `
  mutation signInMutation($email: String!, password: String!) {
    signin(email: $email, password: $password) {
      id
    }
  }
`;
const signIn = (variables) => {
  return request('/api', SIGNIN_MUTATION, variables);
};

const yourReactComponent = () => {
  const { mutate } = useSWR(ME_QUERY); // the mutate function will do the refetching for us

  const submit = async (email, password) => {
    await signin({ email, password });
    mutate(); // call mutate here to refetch Me after signin
  };
};

Discussion (18)

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shinabr2 profile image
ShinaBR2

Hi, this article looks nice for me. The only reason for using Apollo Client of mine is "caching", nothing else.
I have used graphql-request for my recently cloud functions and I like it's small.
But I'm using Gatsby, with a lot of issue related to SSR. Have you success with Vercel SWR in Gatsby? And how about the caching strategy between Apollo Client and Vercel SWR?
For me, I just need very simple caching strategy and setup also.
Thanks for nice article again :D

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aryanjnyc profile image
Aryan J Author

Hey Shina!

SWR is the caching solution while graphql-request will take care of making the actual GraphQL requests.

I have no experience with using Vercel SWR in Gatsby but I have used it with Next.js (which also implements SSR).

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shinabr2 profile image
ShinaBR2

Okay thanks, let me deep dive into and see <3 keep moving on.

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tettoffensive profile image
Stuart Tett

Where did you find out about this syntax:

const JOB_POST_BY_ID_QUERY = /* GraphQL */ `
  query paidJobPosts {
    jobPosts {
      id
    }
  }
`;

The examples in the graphql-request repo look like your apollo client version:

const query = /* GraphQL */ `
    query getMovie($title: String!) {
      Movie(title: $title) {
        releaseDate
        actors {
          name
        }
      }
    }`
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aryanjnyc profile image
Aryan J Author

Hi Stuart! The two are the same (GraphQL syntax is the same no matter which client you use.

The getMovie example requires a parameter (title) which is why you see it written like that.

Is that what you were talking about?

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tettoffensive profile image
Stuart Tett

If that is the case, then I think there is a mistake in your code in the article, because they do not match. Or I'm not understanding, because I expected the two examples to be compare/contrast of the different clients.

Thread Thread
aryanjnyc profile image
Aryan J Author

You're 100% right! As a compare/contract article, I should keep the code consistent. Thank you for pointing that out!

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hongducphan profile image
Phan Hong Duc • Edited

hi, I am learning Nextjs with Graphql.
I have a problem when using useSWR to fetch data from Graphql api.
const ALL_PRODUCTS2 = /* GraphQL */
query allProducts($skip: String!, $take: String!) {
allProducts(skip: $skip, take: $take) {
id
name
}
}
;`

const fetcher = (query: any, first: string, take: string) => request('localhost:3000/api/graphql', query, {first, take});

export default function Products() {
const {data} = useSWR([ALL_PRODUCTS2, '0', '3'], fetcher)
const loading: boolean = !data;
.......
}`

=> I get the error : ClientError: Variable "$skip" of required type "String!" was not provided.: {"response":{"errors":[{"message":"Variable \"$skip\" of required type \"String!\" was not provided.","locations":[{"line":2,"column":23}]}],"status":500},"request":{"query":"\n query allProducts($skip: String!, $take: String!) {\n allProducts(skip: $skip, take: $take) {\n id\n name\n }\n }\n","variables":{"first":"0","take":"3"}}}

Please help me to fix it. thank you!!!

I am trying migrate from apolo to swr, and follow your instruction but... With apolo, it works.

Thank you!

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dberhane profile image
Daniel Berhane • Edited

Hi Aryan, excellent work. I am considering switching from Apollo to graphql-request as well. But graphql-request does not seem to have pagination support for relay style cursor. Do you have any idea on how to enable pagination for the above solution you are proposing?

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aryanjnyc profile image
Aryan J Author

Hey! This is the first I've heard of it. Looks right up my alley. I'll try it in a future project!

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oxcid profile image
oxcid

Hey Aryan, thanks for the article! Quick question, for authentication, what's your recommended way of doing it? Do we have to use graphql-request? Or any other way of doing it? Does SWR have authentication?

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lodisy profile image
Michael

Any way to implement GraphQL with useSWRInfinite?

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mikevb3 profile image
Miguel Villarreal

Thanks Aryan!! your post was very helpful!! i can believe how helpful swr & graphql-request are!

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svirins profile image
Dzmitry Sviryn

also, let me suggest:
const loading = !error && !data

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matepaiva profile image
Matheus Paiva

Hello, Aryan. Great article, congratz! Do you make your server-side requests using SWR as well, or did you migrate only the client-side requests?

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aryanjnyc profile image
Aryan J Author • Edited

I make all GraphQL requests using graphql-request. SWR is only for caching (and only for the React client).

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svirins profile image
Dzmitry Sviryn

I followed the same path (Apollo => SWR + graphql-request). It fits perfectly into my workflow. Also, it seems to be slightly quicker than Apollo.
Thank you for your article, Aryan.