At some point in your journey to becoming a programmer, you will likely have heard the term Git come up. But what is Git, and how does it work?
Git is a type of version control system used to maintain code and is a crucial tool for developers to manage their code and collaborate on projects.
To help you get the most out of Git, we’ve compiled a list of Career Karma tutorials on the most important concepts to learn with Git.
The Git add puts local modified files and folders into a staging area. After a Git add, Git commit can be used to turn the changes into a commit, and Git push can be used to push those changes to the main repository.
Checkout switches between different versions of a code repository. Git checkout is essential for working on a new branch, existing branch, or remote branch. It operates on files, commits, and branches.
Creating local copies of a Git repository stored elsewhere is a central part of the Git version control system. When you’re setting up a repository, the Git clone command can be used to create a local copy of a repository stored elsewhere. This copy is also referred to as a “clone.”
When you’re working with Git branches, you may decide you want to delete one. There are two approaches you can use to delete a branch in Git. Which one you use will depend on whether the branch you are deleting is located on your local machine or in a remote repository.
When you’re working with Git, you may want to compare data in your repository with another data source. That’s where the Git diff function comes in.
The Git fetching process allows you to retrieve commits, files, references, and other data from a remote repository and save it to your local machine.
The Git init command is used to create and initialize a new Git repository.
How do you actually view the history your Git repository creates? That’s where the Git log command can be helpful.
Git merge allows you to combine the history of two branches together, and create one single branch.
The Git pull command is used to retrieve content from a remote repository which is then saved to your local machine.
The Git revert commit command allows you to undo a commit so that you can return a repository to the previous commit.
The Git stash command is used to switch contexts when working with a Git repository and save your code for a later date.
If you want to capture a point in the history of your repository such as a version, then you’ll want to use the Git tag feature.