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Aroup Goldar Dhruba
Aroup Goldar Dhruba

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LeetCode: Jewels and Stones

Problem Statement

You're given strings J representing the types of stones that are jewels, and S representing the stones you have. Each character in S is a type of stone you have. You want to know how many of the stones you have are also jewels.

The letters in J are guaranteed distinct, and all characters in J and S are letters. Letters are case sensitive, so "a" is considered a different type of stone from "A".

Example

Example 1:

Input: J = "aA", S = "aAAbbbb"
Output: 3

Example 2:

Input: J = "z", S = "ZZ"
Output: 0

Note:

  • S and J will consist of letters and have length at most 50.
  • The characters in J are distinct.

Solution Thought Process

This is a well-known hash problem. First, we take the jewel string and record the frequencies in the hash set. Then we go through the S string to find out if this is a jewel by checking the set one by one, increasing the count of the result by one.

We can find the items in the unordered_set in O(1) time.

Solution

class Solution {
public:
    int numJewelsInStones(string J, string S) {
        unordered_set<char>jewels;
        int result = 0;
        for(int i=0;i<J.size();i++)
        {
            jewels.insert(J[i]);
        }
        for(int i=0;i<S.size();i++)
        {
            if(jewels.find(S[i])!=jewels.end())
            {
                result++;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
};

Complexity

Time Complexity: O(m+n) where m = length of J, n = length of S

Space Complexity: O(m) where m = length of J

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