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Ankita Sahoo
Ankita Sahoo

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Day-19 of Machine Learning:

Day-19 of Machine Learning:
I. Basic template of TensorFlow implementation:

1. construct the network

model = Sequential(
        tf.keras.Input(shape=(400,)),    #specify input size

        Dense(25, activation='sigmoid'), 
        Dense(15, activation='sigmoid'), 
        Dense(1,  activation='sigmoid')  

    ], name = "my_model" 

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Keras Sequential model and Dense Layer with sigmoid activations.

2. loss function


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Here for binary classification, BinaryCrossentropy() is used. We can also use MeanSquareError() for Linear regression.

3. gradient descent to fit the weights of the model to the training data

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II. Got to know about different Activation

- Linear Activation:

Activation a = g(Z) = Z
where Z = W.X + b
Output y might be an Integer number (+ve/-ve)

- Sigmoid Activation:

Activation a = g(Z) = 1 / (1 + e ^ (-Z)).
Output y might be 0 or 1 i.e binary classification

- ReLU Activation (Rectified Linear Activation):

Activation a = g(Z) = max (0, Z).
Output y will be any Whole number

III. How to choose Activation?
We can choose different activation within a Neural Network for separate layers and activations can be chosen accordingly requirement and goal of the Neural Network. However some recommendations are,

  • A neural network with many layers but no activation function is not effective. A Neural network with only linear activation is the same as no activation function.
  • ReLU are often use than Sigmoid activation. It is because firstly ReLU is a bit faster as it does less computation (max of 0 and Z) than sigmoid which does exponential then inverse and so on. Secondly Gradient Descent goes slow for flat and ReLU goes flat in one place whereas Sigmoid in 2 places.
  • Use ReLU instead of Linear Activation in Hidden layers.

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