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Deploy Django or Flask in 3 easy steps (in production)

ananto30 profile image Azizul Haque Ananto ・2 min read

No intro, let's jump to the steps.

1. Write a Dockerfile 😐 (why not)

This is my directory structure -

├── app/
│     .....
├── requirements.txt
├── Dockerfile
└── gunicorn_starter.sh

This is the Dockerfile -

FROM python:3.7.3-slim

WORKDIR /user/src

COPY ./requirements.txt ./
RUN pip3 install -r ./requirements.txt

COPY ./app ./app
COPY ./gunicorn_starter.sh ./

ENTRYPOINT ["./gunicorn_starter.sh"]

Things to remember -

  1. Use small docker images like -slim or -alpine. -alpine is the lightest but in my case -alpine haven't got the gcc so I used -slim. (I could've install gcc manually in alpine)
  2. Import requirements and install them before importing codes. Why? If we change our code, we won't need to install requirements in every build. Simple and easy way to reduce build times 🤗

2. Gunicorn server

Why Gunicorn? 🧐 -> Django or Flask is a framework, not server. So we need a server to serve our application built with the framework. Gunicorn is a WSGI supported server that can communicate with other application that supports WSGI like Flask or Django. WSGI is a gateway interface that matches the URI defined in the python application.

Now install gunicorn and add to the requirements.txt

pip install gunicorn
pip freeze > requirements.txt

This is the gunicorn_starter.sh file we have seen earlier -

gunicorn --chdir app wsgi:app -w 2 --threads 2 -b 0.0.0.0:8003

We show gunicorn our project directory with --chdir app. wsgi:app for Django apps and for Flask, we need the file name where we did app = Flask(), like this - <file_contains_app>:app. Change worker and thread as per your need. Too much workers actually makes a system slow, why? Because workers are processes, and they shares same CPU core. And we should know our threads right? 😅

3. Build & Deploy (Seek & Destroy ☠️)

Build the docker image -

docker build -t <your_tag> .

This image is production ready! Beleive it or not 😐

Run it 🤘 -

docker run --name <image_name> -p 8003:8003 -e DB_URI=<your_db_uri> <your_tag>

-e DB_URI=<your_db_uri> here -e sets the environment variable. I set my DB with URI, so I passed this environment variable DB_URI while running my image.

This is it! 🥳 If you have any questions or face any problem, comment below 👇

Posted on by:

ananto30 profile

Azizul Haque Ananto

@ananto30

Software Engineer | Polyglot Programmer

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