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Ahsanul Haque
Ahsanul Haque

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What is LOGGING in .NET [8.0] MVC?

Logging in .NET MVC is a mechanism to track and record events that occur while an application is running. It's a crucial aspect of software development for several reasons:

  1. Debugging: Logs provide detailed context about what the application was doing at a specific point in time. This information can be invaluable when trying to understand and fix bugs.

  2. Monitoring: By regularly reviewing logs, you can monitor the health of your application, identify patterns, detect anomalies, and spot potential issues before they become problems.

  3. Auditing: Logs can serve as an audit trail, providing a record of actions taken by users or the system itself. This can be important for security and compliance purposes.

In .NET MVC, you can use the built-in ILogger interface for logging. This interface provides methods for logging at different levels of severity (Trace, Debug, Information, Warning, Error, Critical).

Here's an example of how you might use it in a controller:

public class HomeController : Controller
    private readonly ILogger _logger;

    public HomeController(ILogger<HomeController> logger)
        _logger = logger;

    public IActionResult Index()
        _logger.LogInformation("Home/Index was called");

        return View();
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In the example above,

An ILogger is injected into the HomeController through its constructor (this is done automatically by ASP.NET Core's dependency injection system). Then, in the Index action method, a log message is written at the Information level.

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