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Julia πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ’»
Julia πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ’»

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How To Create A Resizing Header With Plain CSS

For my projects I want to use as much CSS and as little JavaScript as possible (for accessibility reasons).

That's why I was looking for a way to resize the header when scrolling with simple CSS.


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Here's what I found.

The Code

The project was built using Next and TypeScript.

To achieve the resizing effect, we need to create an outer and an inner container in HTML - shown here as <header className"header-outer"> and <div "header-inner">.

HTML

Here is the HTML code to create the header.

<header className="header-outer">
  <div className="header-inner">
    <Link href="/">
      <div className="logo-container">
        <a className="logo" aria-label="back to home">
        </a>
       </div>
    </Link>
    <Navbar />
  </div>
</header>
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CSS

Here is the CSS code for styling the header.

To create the effect, we have to work with different heights and top positions for each container.

Both the outer and the inner container must have position: sticky. The height of the outer container is greater than that of the inner container by how much the position on top is less. You can use the height you are aiming for.

.header-outer {
  align-items: center;
  background: white;
  box-shadow: 0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
  display: flex;
  /* set the height for the header at its max height you want */
  height: 150px;
  left: 0;
  padding: 0 50px;
  position: sticky;
  /** set the value of `top` with the difference between
  * the height of the outer and inner container to compensate
  * for this */
  top: -50px;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: 1;
}

.header-inner {
  align-items: center;
  background: white;
  display: flex;
  /** specify the height of the header that you want when scrolling 
  *The difference between this height and the height of the outer header
  *is the value of the `top` of the outer container */
  height: 100px;
  justify-content: space-between;
  left: 0;
  position: sticky;
  top: 0;
  width: 100%;
}
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That's it.

Now, when scrolling, the sticky position of the outer container starts outside the screen by 50 (because of the negative value top: -50px), while now the inner container sticks at the height you aim for.

Conclusion

There are so many great things you can do with just CSS. You just have to be a little creative and willing to find a solution for using plain CSS.

If you have other suggestions, I'd love it if you could share them in the comments below.


Thank you

Thanks for your reading and time. I really appreciate it!

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