Node.js has emerged as a popular server-side technology used for building scalable and efficient web applications. One of the critical components of any web application is a database. MongoDB is a popular NoSQL database that is known for its flexibility and scalability. In this article, we will look at how to set up MongoDB using Mongoose in Node.js.
What is Mongoose?
Mongoose is a Node.js-based Object Data Modeling (ODM) library that provides a straightforward and powerful way to manage MongoDB databases. It provides an intuitive way to define data structures, perform CRUD operations, and query data using a simple API. Mongoose provides a schema-based solution to modeling data, which allows for enforcing data validation and consistency.
Step 1: Install MongoDB
The first step is to install MongoDB on your local machine. You can download MongoDB from their official website and follow the installation instructions provided.
Step 2: Install Mongoose
Once you have MongoDB installed, you can install Mongoose using the yarn package manager by running the following command in your terminal:
Step 3: Connecting to MongoDB using Mongoose
To connect to your MongoDB database, you need to create a new Mongoose connection. You can do this by adding the following code to your db.js file:
Step 4: Defining a schema and creating a model
we can define a schema for our data and create a model to interact with the database. In this example, we will define a simple schema for a user object. Create a new file called "user.js" and add the following code:
Step 5: Data Controller
Can be used to manipulate the data in our MongoDB database. Here is an example of how to create a new user:
Finally, we listen for connection events using the mongoose.connect() method. The 'connected' event is emitted when the connection is established successfully, and the 'error' event is emitted when there is an error connecting to MongoDB.
Article by Aruya Temitayo™️.
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