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Wia

Build a smart mailbox with a Sigfox and Pycom

anspivey profile image Austin Spivey ・5 min read

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Hi folks,

Today I’m going to show you how to create a Sigfox mail notifier using Wia and the Pycom SiPy.

This tutorial assumes that you have already connected Sigfox to Wia if you haven’t, please click here to find a tutorial for initial Sigfox setup and publishing data to Wia.

Components

Setup your board

For the HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor, you'll need to connect the following pins to the Pycom SiPy:

  • HC-SR0 | Pycom
  • Vcc -> Vin
  • Trig -> G8
  • echo -> G7
  • Gnd -> GND

Setup Your Project

In Atom:

  • Create a new folder for your project. I'm going to call mine sigfox-mailbox
  • In Atom, go to File > New Window to open a new window

  • Add your newly created folder by clicking File > Add Project Folder and navigating to it

  • If the Pymakr plugin is not open at the bottom of your Atom window, click on the arrow on the right hand side to open it

  • Select Settings > Project Settings. In the address field replace the value with the device name from the step above e.g. /dev/tty.usbmodemPy343431 (Mac OS X), COM3 (Windows), /dev/ttyACM0 (Linux) then save the file

Publish a sigfox Event for our mail

We'll need three files for our application:

  • boot.py which is run when the device is powered up
  • main.py which is where our main code is
  • ultrasonic.py is where is our functions for obtaining distance and calibration

In Atom:

  • Right click on your project and click New File. Enter boot.py as the filename

  • Copy and paste the code below into the file

from machine import UART
import machine
import os

uart = UART(0, baudrate=115200)
os.dupterm(uart)

machine.main('main.py')
  • Right click on your project and click New File. Enter main.py as the filename

  • Copy and paste the code below into the file

import time
import pycom
import socket
from network import Sigfox
from machine import Pin, Timer
import ultrasonic


pycom.heartbeat(False)

echo = Pin(Pin.exp_board.G7, mode=Pin.IN)
trigger = Pin(Pin.exp_board.G8, mode=Pin.OUT)
trigger(0)

# Get the chronometer object
chrono = Timer.Chrono()

# init Sigfox for RCZ1 (Europe)
sigfox = Sigfox(mode=Sigfox.SIGFOX, rcz=Sigfox.RCZ1)
# create a Sigfox socket
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_SIGFOX, socket.SOCK_RAW)
# make the socket blocking
s.setblocking(True)
# configure it as uplink only
s.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SIGFOX, socket.SO_RX, False)


calibrated_distance = ultrasonic.calibration(chrono, trigger, echo, 1)
mailed_distance = 0
while True:
    time.sleep(30)
    distance = ultrasonic.getDistance(chrono, trigger, echo)
    print("distance: {}, calibration: {}".format(distance, calibrated_distance))
    if distance < calibrated_distance:
        if distance != mailed_distance:
            s.send('') # Send 1 bit
            print("you got mail")
            mailed_distance = ultrasonic.calibration(chrono, trigger, echo)

  • Right click on your project and click New File. Enter ultrasonic.py as the filename

  • Copy and paste the code below into the file

from machine import Pin, Timer
import pycom
import time
import socket

def calibration(chrono, trigger, echo, led = False):
    if led:
        pycom.rgbled(0x7f0000) # red
    prev_distance = 0
    distance = getDistance(chrono, trigger, echo)
    print("calibration distance is {}".format(distance))
    count = 0
    while True:
        prev_distance = distance
        distance = getDistance(chrono, trigger, echo)
        while prev_distance == distance:
            count+=1
            print("count: {}".format(count))
            if count > 5:
                if led:
                    pycom.rgbled(0x007f00) # green
                    time.sleep(1.5)
                    pycom.rgbled(0) # off
                return distance
            time.sleep(5)
            prev_distance = distance
            distance = getDistance(chrono, trigger, echo)
        else:
            count = 0

def getDistance(chrono, trigger, echo):
    chrono.reset()
    trigger(1)
    time.sleep_us(10)
    trigger(0)

    while echo() == 0:
        pass
    chrono.start()

    while echo() == 1:
        pass
    chrono.stop()

    distance = chrono.read_us() / 58.0
    if distance > 400:
        return -1
    else:
        return int(distance)

    time.sleep(1)

Your folder structure should now look like this:

  • ultrasonic.py

  • boot.py

  • main.py

Click Upload in the Pymakr plugin at the bottom of your window in Atom and send the code to your Pycom board. Now go to the Wia dashboard and you should see data appearing in the debugger section of your dashboard.

In order for the sensor to operate correctly, it needs to calibrate the distance inside you mail box.

Calibration

To calibrate the sensor, place the sensor in the mailbox where its suits best. Power the board; when the LED on the board is red, the sensor is calibrating; once the LED flashes green, the sensor has been calibrated. The sensor needs at-least 2cm of space in order for it to operate correctly.

Now when mail is inserted into your mailbox, the distance will be reduced from the calibrated distance and the code will publish an Event via Sigfox to Wia.

Send a Push Notification

Now for the next step, once we recieve the Sigfox event in Wia, we will send a notification to any connected phones that there is mail. For this we need to build a Flow.

Head over to your Wia dashboard and in the Space where your Sigfox device is held. From there click on the Flow icon in the left hand menu to go your Flows.

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Now to create your Flow, you can name it whatever you like. Once you have created a Flow, you should be taken to the Flow studio.

In the Flow studio:

  • Drag the trigger event node from the left hand side onto the canvas

  • Click on the node and enter sigfoxDataUplink as the event name

  • Enable your Sigfox Device as the event source

Now we are going add a notification for the Sigfox Event so we get notified of our inbound mail. To do this, you will require the Wia mobile app. You can download it for iOS here and Android here.

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In the Flow Studio editor:

  • Drag over a notification node and enter the following text
You've got Mail!

Now you should receive Sigfox data to your mobile device.

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Posted on by:

anspivey profile

Austin Spivey

@anspivey

Tourist in a Tutu || Chicago Born || Melbourne/Mexico/California Raised || New Yorker at Heart || SF to Dublin to work for Wia the best #IoT startup

Wia

Wia is where people and things go to talk. Our mission is to make it possible for anyone to connect anything to the Internet, creating the next generation of the physical web. Developers across the world use Wia to build out IoT Solutions.

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