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List of Git Commands List of all Git Commands

vimal profile image VIMAL KUMAR Updated on ・2 min read

Git Commands

A list of Git commands

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Alt Git

Tell Git who you are

Description Command
Configure the author name. git config --global user.name "<username>"
Configure the author email address. git config --global user.email <email address>

Getting & Creating Projects

Description Command
Initialize a local Git repository git init
Create a local copy of a remote repository git clone ssh://git@github.com/<username>/<repository-name>.git

Basic Snapshotting

Description Command
Check status git status
Add a file to the staging area git add <file-name.txt>
Add all new and changed files to the staging area git add -A or
git add .
Commit changes git commit -m "<commit message>"
Remove a file (or folder) git rm -r <file-name.txt>

Inspection & Comparison

Description Command
View changes git log
View changes (detailed) git log --summary
View changes in one line (briefly) git log --oneline or
git log --pretty=oneline or
git log --pretty=short

Undo to previous file

Description Command
List of all commit with commit id and commit message) git log --oneline
Return to previous commit git checkout<commit id>
Revert commit (undo one particular commit) git revert <commit id>
Reset to previous commit (remove history of all commit after ) git reset <commit id>
Stop a file being tracked git rm --cached <file/folder>
Restore a file to a previous commit git checkout <file/to/restore>

Branching & Merging

Description Command
List branches (the asterisk denotes the current branch) git branch
List all branches (local and remote) git branch -a
Create a new branch git branch <branch name>
Create a new branch and switch to it git checkout -b <branch name>
Clone a remote branch and switch to it git checkout -b <branch name> origin/<branch name>
Rename a local branch git branch -m <old branch name> <new branch name>
Switch to a branch git checkout <branch name>
Switch to the branch last checked out git checkout -
Discard changes to a file git checkout -- <file-name.txt>
Delete a branch git branch -d <branch name>
Delete a remote branch git push origin --delete <branch name>
Preview changes before merging git diff <source branch> <target branch>
Merge a branch into the active branch git merge <branch name>
Merge a branch into a target branch git merge <source branch> <target branch>
Stash changes in a dirty working directory git stash
Remove all stashed entries git stash clear

Sharing & Updating Projects

Description Command
Push a branch to your remote repository git push origin <branch name>
Push changes to remote repository (and remember the branch) git push -u origin <branch name>
Push changes to remote repository (remembered branch) git push
Delete a remote branch git push origin --delete <branch name>
Update local repository to the newest commit git pull
Pull changes from remote repository git pull origin <branch name>
Add a remote repository git remote add origin ssh://git@github.com/<username>/<repository-name>.git
Set a repository's origin branch to SSH git remote set-url origin ssh://git@github.com/<username>/<repository-name>.git

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Discussion (2)

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nitsanavni profile image
Nitsan Avni

@vimalverma checkout the somewhat new git switch and git restore

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vimal profile image
VIMAL KUMAR Author

Thanks for suggestions 🤩