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Wahid Ali
Wahid Ali

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Complete Guide to Become a Blockchain Developer | Must-have skills

What Is a Blockchain?

Blockchain is a digital ledger for cryptocurrency transactions across peer-to-peer networks. It's decentralized, allowing secure transactions without third parties. Development involves creating/maintaining the platform, tools, and technologies for blockchain-based applications. Developers create decentralized apps and smart contracts, facing challenges like legacy infrastructure and specialized skills. To become a developer, gain a strong academic background, proficiency in programming, and understanding of blockchain basics. There's high demand due to technology advancements, offering career diversity and control over data. Solidity is used for Smart Contracts. Hands-on experience and internships are beneficial. Strong programming skills, cryptography knowledge, and understanding of networking are required. Blockchain engineers design technology for cryptocurrencies, while developers create apps using blockchain. Solidity, Python, Java, and C++ are popular programming languages. Implementing blockchain solutions provides transparency, security, and faster processing. The right mindset and unconventional problem-solving are crucial for developers. Understanding Bitcoin and cryptocurrency is essential for newcomers. Upskilling is important for transitioning to a career in blockchain development. There are various types of blockchain developers, each with distinct roles. Responsibilities include designing, building, and maintaining distributed ledger systems. The average salary is $106,973 per year, with high growth potential. Blockchain development requires coding skills, and salaries vary based on experience and location. Education and training resources like Simplilearn offer learning opportunities for blockchain technology.

What Does a Blockchain Developer Do?
A blockchain developer develops decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts based on blockchain technology, as well as understanding the architecture and protocols of the technology. They are responsible for developing 3D models, 3D designs, and 3D content such as that used in games.

The wise yet short answer to this is: a Blockchain developer develops Blockchains! Well, that was easy!

Now that we got that out of our system let’s take a serious look at what a Blockchain developer does. To best answer this question, we first need to establish that there are two different types of Blockchain developers; there’s the Core Blockchain Developer and the Blockchain Software Developer. Call them sub-divisions of Blockchain development.

A Core Blockchain Developer designs the security and the architecture of the proposed Blockchain system. In essence, the Core Blockchain Developer creates the foundation upon which others will then build upon.

What “others” are we referring to? That would be the Blockchain Software Developers, of course, who use the core web architecture built by the Developer to create apps, specifically the decentralized (dapps) and web varieties.

Perhaps there may be situations where the same person fulfills both roles, most likely in cases where the business is small, and people traditionally wear more than one hat. Whatever the case, the everyday responsibilities and roles of the Blockchain developer are:

Design the Blockchain protocols
Design the network architecture that can be used for the centralizing or decentralizing the data
Backend development according to the Blockchain protocols
Developing front-end designs according to client requirements
Developing and monitoring any smart contracts
The Blockchain developer’s responsibility is to develop innovative solutions to challenging problems, including solutions for command and control, and high integrity. The developer also performs complex analysis, design, development, testing, and computer software debugging, specifically for distinct product hardware or for technical service lines of businesses. Develops perform software design, operating architecture integration, and computer system selection. Finally, they operate on multiple systems and apply knowledge of one or more platforms and programming languages.

Of course, obstacles are awaiting the Blockchain developer. For instance, the developer has to work with legacy infrastructure and its limitations, while still meeting the expectations inherent in a Blockchain development project. Also, there are the challenges of understanding the technical practicality of implementing decentralized cryptosystems, processes that fall outside of the traditional IT development skill-set, which means a Blockchain developer needs specialized skills.

How to Make a Successful and Worthwhile Career as a Blockchain Developer?
In the global market, Blockchain has gained popularity due to its salient features. It is an append-only peer-to-peer network that maintains a cryptographically secure distributed ledger and that can only be updated through the consensus mechanisms such as BFT, PBFT, and so on.

In the market, numerous IT organizations need blockchain developers. So being a blockchain developer is a smart choice because it is the most recent technology that one can master and advance in their career.

There are two different types of blockchain developers, core and the software blockchain developers. The core blockchain developers design the protocols, maintain the existing blockchains, whereas the blockchain software developer develops new blockchain applications, NFTs, and so on.

To become a blockchain developer, one must gain knowledge or expertise in a variety of other computer sciences and mathematical domains, such as cryptography, etc.

  1. Start With Academics
    To become a blockchain developer, one must first acquire a strong academic background in computer science or mathematics. A Bachelor's or Master's degree with a specialization in a relevant topic is possible since it would be beneficial to have a good grasp of the fields of computer science, information technology, and mathematics.

  2. Get Proficient With Required Tech Skills
    One needs to acquire a specific technical skills before becoming a blockchain developer, such as:

a. Programming Languages:
To become a blockchain developer, in advance one needs to gain expertise in coding. As we have discussed earlier the different roles of a blockchain developer, there is an essential requirement for coding and developing various blockchain applications

b. Data Structures:
Learning Data Structures strengthen your skill of understanding the problems at a wide level and helps to provide an optimized solution within the constraints. They are also used to store data in an organized and efficient manner. Explore different types of data structures such as arrays, trees, linked lists.

c. Databases and Networking:
A blockchain network is a distributed peer-to-peer network in which data is shared among all nodes. According to the definition of blockchain, database management and computer networking are essential parts of creating and maintaining a blockchain network.

d. Cryptography:
It is a method of securing sensitive data from unauthorized users, threats, and attacks. The fundamentals of computer science and mathematics serve as the foundation for developing cryptography protocols. In general, data is encrypted at the sender and decrypted at the receiver using various cryptographic techniques.

  1. Understanding the Basics of Blockchain
    To train yourself to become a blockchain developer, understanding the basic concepts and terminologies in the field of blockchain is very important. It is a prerequisite skill, without proper domain knowledge, one cannot proceed further in the blockchain industry. So, learn the fundamental concepts of blockchain, gain a deeper and clearer understanding of them, and also learn about real-time blockchain applications, the working mechanism of various consensus protocols. Examine recent advancements in blockchain technology.

  2. Learn About Cryptonomics
    In blockchain technology, the data is cryptographically secured with the help of various security protocols. Cryptonomics is the combination of economics and cryptography. Strong mathematics and computer science concepts are required to build strong cryptography protocols. There are various cryptographic standards being used in a blockchain network, such as RSA and hash functions. Understanding cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin and Ether requires knowledge of both cryptography and economics.

  3. Get Knowledge of Ethereum and DApps
    Ethereum is one of the latest technologies, which is decentralized and built on the basic concepts of blockchain technology. It is an open-source technology used by many industry professionals. It allows the Ethereum blockchain developers to create a special transaction protocol called Smart Contract and other applications known as the Decentralised Applications (the DApps).These are similar to regular mobile-based applications.

  4. Learn About Smart Contract and Solidity
    This trendy technology enables the Ethereum blockchain developers to code and develops a special type of transaction protocol called Smart Contracts. The objective of a smart contract is to simplify the transaction process between parties, restricting the participation of a third party and also cutting off the additional cost involved in it. Solidity is a programming language, used to develop Smart contracts and execution of business logic. It is similar to OOPS.

  5. Get some Hands-On Experience
    Every blockchain developer should also get some hands-on experience in addition to theoretical information. Implement the subjective things by building various blockchain applications. Learn programming languages such as Solidity, and practice by developing Smart Contracts and DApps. With the gain in knowledge and experience, the blockchain developers can try for some internships at enterprises that are looking to expand more in this domain. Many hands-on tutorials are being provided by many online training and educational institutions for free of cost, paid as well and their certification is valuable in the market.

What are the Benefits of Becoming a Blockchain Developer?

Becoming a blockchain developer can provide several potent benefits.

Allows developers to build scalable and secure applications: Blockchain allows developers to build scalable and secure applications to help businesses achieve their goals.
Gives you access to an incredibly innovative and exciting field: Blockchain technology is still in its early stages, and many fresh developments are being made daily. As a blockchain developer, you will be at the forefront of this progress!
Career diversity: While most careers focus on specific industries or sectors, blockchain development offers flexibility and opportunity across many fields. If you love working independently and solving complex problems, becoming a blockchain developer may be the perfect path for you!
Control over your data: Unlike traditional databases, developers can store the information how they want. On a blockchain database, everything is publically available and transparently tracked.
Create custom smart contracts: Developers will be able to create custom smart contracts that can handle complex transactions - no other platform can do this quite like blockchain.
Technical Skills Required
To become a blockchain developer, you must have some technical skills. These may include

Strong programming skills in at least one popular language, such as Java or Python.
Knowledge of cryptography and data structures (like linked lists and arrays).
Good understanding of networking concepts (like TCP/IP and DNS) and how it works.
Experience with distributed systems (i.e., networks of machines) as well as experience with web application development frameworks (such as Flask or Django).

Blockchain Engineers vs. Blockchain Developers:
The terms "blockchain engineer" and "blockchain developer" refer to distinct roles within the realm of blockchain technology.

Blockchain engineers typically focus on designing and implementing the core technology for cryptocurrencies and decentralized ledgers. Their responsibilities often include creating and maintaining the underlying protocols, consensus mechanisms, and cryptographic algorithms that form the foundation of blockchain systems. They play a crucial role in developing the technical infrastructure that enables secure and reliable decentralized transactions. Their work involves deep knowledge of cryptographic principles, network protocols, and distributed systems.

On the other hand, blockchain developers concentrate on utilizing blockchain technology to build applications, including decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts. Their primary tasks involve writing code and developing concepts for new blockchains, as well as creating and integrating various applications and tools that leverage blockchain technology. Their work focuses on building practical solutions that showcase the potential of blockchain in real-world applications. Blockchain developers often work with programming languages such as Solidity, Python, Java, and C++ to implement various blockchain-based functionalities.

In essence, while blockchain engineers are primarily responsible for the foundational technology and infrastructure of blockchain systems, blockchain developers are more focused on utilizing existing blockchain technologies to create functional applications and solutions.

Best Blockchain Programming Languages

There are several popular blockchain programming languages, like,

.Solidity on Ethereum,
.Python on Bitcoin Cash,
.and Java on the NEO platform,
But choosing the best language will be difficult.

If you're new to blockchain technology or programming, consider learning one of the more popular languages, such as Solidity or Ethereum. These languages are general purpose and make it easy to develop decentralized applications (dApps) on top of the blockchain. They also have built-in support for smart contracts and other features that can help increase security and efficiency when building dApps.
However, suppose you're already familiar with some aspects of blockchain technology and want to build custom applications rather than pre-made templates, then consider languages like Java or Python, which allow developers to create traditional desktop apps using coded instructions rather than just coding in code blocks.
Ultimately, picking the correct language depends on your specific needs and preferences. Just be sure to research each one thoroughly before making a decision!

Advantages of Implementing Blockchain Solutions
Advantages of Implementing Blockchain Solutions:

  1. Transparency and Security:

    • Blockchain solutions provide a transparent and tamper-proof record of transactions, offering heightened security and trust. The decentralized nature of blockchain ensures that once data is recorded, it cannot be altered, enhancing the integrity of transactions.
  2. Enhanced Efficiency and Reduced Processing Time:

    • Implementing blockchain solutions can significantly reduce the time and resources required for processing transactions. By automating processes and removing intermediaries, blockchain technology streamlines workflows, resulting in faster and more efficient transactions.
  3. Customer Loyalty and Brand Reputation:

    • The use of blockchain technology can enhance customer loyalty by instilling confidence through transparent and secure transactions. Businesses that embrace blockchain may benefit from improved brand reputation due to the perceived reliability and integrity associated with blockchain-based systems.
  4. Reduced Costs and Elimination of Intermediaries:

    • Blockchain solutions can lead to cost reductions by eliminating the need for intermediaries in transactions. Smart contracts and decentralized platforms can automate processes that traditionally require multiple parties, thus reducing operational expenses and complexity.
  5. Data Integrity and Immutability:

    • Blockchain technology ensures that data recorded on the distributed ledger is immutable and cannot be altered or deleted once confirmed. This feature reinforces the integrity of records and mitigates the potential for fraud or unauthorized manipulation of information.
  6. Faster Processing and Settlement:

    • Utilizing blockchain can significantly accelerate transaction processing and settlement times, especially in industries such as finance and supply chain management. The removal of intermediaries and the ability to execute transactions directly on the blockchain can lead to near-instantaneous settlement.
  7. Greater Efficiency for Business Processes:

    • Blockchain solutions provide the opportunity to streamline complex business processes by digitizing and automating workflows. This enhances operational efficiency and reduces the likelihood of errors or discrepancies in transactions and record-keeping.
  8. Facilitates Compliance and Regulatory Requirements:

    • The transparent and immutable nature of blockchain technology can assist in meeting compliance and regulatory requirements in various industries. The audit trail provided by blockchain systems can aid in demonstrating adherence to industry standards and regulations.

By leveraging blockchain solutions, organizations can capitalize on these advantages to improve security, efficiency, and trust in their transactions and data management processes.

What Kind of Mindset Do You Need to Become a Blockchain Developer?

To excel as a blockchain developer, it's essential to embody specific qualities and adopt a unique mindset that aligns with the challenges and opportunities inherent in blockchain technology. Here are key attributes and traits required:

  1. Hacker Mentality:

    • A willingness to think outside the box and approach problem-solving with creativity and resourcefulness, much like a hacker. This mindset encourages innovation and unconventional solutions to complex technical challenges.
  2. Unconventional Problem-Solving:

    • The ability to tackle problems from non-traditional angles and find innovative solutions. Blockchain development often involves addressing novel technological and security issues, demanding a creative and unconventional approach to problem-solving.
  3. Collaboration and Teamwork:

    • Effective communication and collaboration skills are essential for working in cross-functional teams. Blockchain development projects often involve multiple stakeholders and interdisciplinary teams, requiring effective collaboration and communication to achieve project success.
  4. Adaptability and Agility:

    • Given the rapidly evolving nature of blockchain technology, developers must be adaptable and capable of quickly learning and implementing new tools, languages, and frameworks as the industry progresses.
  5. Systems Thinking:

    • The ability to understand and work within complex, interconnected systems is crucial in blockchain development. Developers should have a holistic perspective and be able to understand how changes in one part of the system can affect the entire blockchain network.
  6. Passion for Learning:

    • An insatiable curiosity and a deep passion for learning about blockchain technology, cryptography, decentralized systems, and related fields. Keeping abreast of the latest industry developments is essential for maintaining relevance and effectiveness in a rapidly evolving sector.

By embracing these traits and mindset, aspiring blockchain developers can effectively navigate the challenges and complexities of blockchain technology while contributing to the advancement of this innovative field.

For Those Who Are Completely New to Programming and Development

For individuals completely new to programming and development but interested in pursuing a career in blockchain development, here are some recommended steps and tips to get started:

  1. Learn the Basics of Programming:

    • Begin by familiarizing yourself with the fundamentals of programming. Introductions to programming languages such as Python, JavaScript, or Java can provide a solid foundation. Online resources and tutorials are widely available for beginners.
  2. Understand the Story of Bitcoin and Blockchain Technology:

    • Gain an understanding of the origins of blockchain technology, starting with the story of Bitcoin. Explore the underlying principles of blockchain, its role in cryptocurrencies, and its potential applications beyond digital currencies.
  3. Immerse Yourself in the World of Cryptocurrency:

    • Stay updated on cryptocurrency news, market trends, and the latest developments in blockchain technology. Learning about different cryptocurrencies and their respective use cases can provide valuable context for understanding blockchain.
  4. Explore Blockchain Development and Different Programming Languages:

    • Begin exploring blockchain development and the various programming languages commonly used in this domain. While languages like Solidity, Python, Java, and C++ are prevalent, it's beneficial to understand their specific applications within blockchain development.
  5. Take Courses Through Accredited Training Providers:

    • Enroll in courses offered by accredited training providers to acquire the relevant skills for becoming a blockchain developer. These courses often cover blockchain fundamentals, smart contracts, decentralized applications, and programming languages specific to blockchain development.
  6. Focus on Understanding Cryptography and Data Structures:

    • Cryptography and data structures are integral components of blockchain technology. Building a strong understanding of these concepts will lay a strong foundation for comprehending the security and technical aspects of blockchain systems.
  7. Explore Decentralized Applications (DApps) and Smart Contracts:

    • Gain exposure to decentralized applications and smart contracts, which are core elements of blockchain development. Study the functionalities, design principles, and potential use cases of DApps and smart contracts.
  8. Hands-On Learning and Practice:

    • Practice building simple blockchain applications and experimenting with smart contract development in test environments. This hands-on approach will provide practical experience and enhance understanding of blockchain development concepts.
  9. Take Advantage of Accredited Training Programs:

    • Look for formal education programs, such as Simplilearn’s Blockchain Certification Training, that offer comprehensive learning opportunities for individuals interested in blockchain technology.

By following these steps and dedicating time and effort to learning and practical application, individuals new to programming and development can lay the groundwork for a potential transition into a career in blockchain development.

Types of Blockchain Developers
There are various types of blockchain developers, each with unique skills and experience. Here are the most common types:

Core developers: Core developers are responsible for building and maintaining the underlying blockchain protocol.
dApp developers- dApp developers build decentralized applications (dApps) on the blockchain.
Smart contract developers: Smart contract developers create self-executing contracts that live on the blockchain.
Application Developers: They create applications that use blockchain technology to improve the user experience or to increase efficiency within an existing system.
Systems Architects: These developers work with architects to design decentralized systems that meet specific business requirements.
Hardware/Software Engineers: They develop secure and reliable software platforms that integrate with other third-party systems.
Blockchain development is a highly collaborative effort, and developers of all three types often work together on projects. However, each type of developer has a unique role to play in the ecosystem, and each brings their valuable skill set to the table.

Roles and Responsibilities of Blockchain Developers

The roles and responsibilities of blockchain developers include the following:

  1. Design and Development:

    • Responsible for designing and developing decentralized applications (dApps), utilizing blockchain technology to create innovative solutions and user-friendly interfaces that leverage smart contracts and distributed ledger technology.
  2. System Architecture and Integration:

    • Collaborate with system architects to design and integrate blockchain solutions into existing systems, ensuring seamless interaction and compatibility while maintaining the security and integrity of the overall infrastructure.
  3. Security and Cryptography:

    • Implement robust security measures to protect blockchain networks and applications from potential threats and vulnerabilities, leveraging cryptographic principles to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of data and transactions.
  4. Smart Contract Development:

    • Create, audit, and deploy smart contracts on blockchain platforms, ensuring that these self-executing contracts accurately reflect business rules and operate securely within the specified blockchain environment.
  5. Problem-Solving and Innovation:

    • Analyze complex technical challenges specific to blockchain development, identify innovative solutions, and address potential technical or architectural limitations to optimize the performance and efficiency of blockchain systems.
  6. Collaboration and Communication:

    • Work closely with cross-functional teams, including solution architects, software engineers, and business stakeholders, to understand requirements, translate business needs into technical solutions, and effectively communicate the capabilities and limitations of blockchain technology.
  7. Testing and Quality Assurance:

    • Conduct thorough testing, including unit testing, integration testing, and security assessments, to ensure the reliability and functionality of blockchain applications and networks, while adhering to best practices for quality assurance.
  8. Continuous Learning and Adaptation:

    • Stay updated on the latest developments in blockchain technology, evaluate emerging tools and frameworks, and constantly enhance technical skills to remain at the forefront of blockchain innovation and best practices.

By fulfilling these roles and responsibilities, blockchain developers play a pivotal role in designing, building, and maintaining distributed ledger systems that enable secure transactions and trustless collaboration. Their contributions are essential for driving the adoption and integration of blockchain technology across various industries.

The future of blockchain development looks promising and offers numerous opportunities for those pursuing a career in this field. As blockchain technology continues to gain traction across various industries, the demand for skilled blockchain developers is expected to increase significantly. Here are some aspects that contribute to the promising future of blockchain developers:

  1. Industry Adoption: Many industries, including finance, supply chain, healthcare, and real estate, are exploring and adopting blockchain solutions. This widespread adoption creates a growing need for developers who can design, build, and maintain blockchain-based systems.

  2. Evolution of Use Cases: The application of blockchain technology is expanding beyond cryptocurrencies, with use cases including decentralized finance (DeFi), non-fungible tokens (NFTs), supply chain management, identity verification, and more. This diversification offers developers a broad range of opportunities to contribute to innovative projects.

  3. Innovation and Research: The blockchain space continues to evolve rapidly with ongoing innovation, research, and the emergence of new protocols and platforms. This environment presents developers with the chance to work on cutting-edge technologies and contribute to the advancement of the industry.

  4. Growth in Startups and Enterprises: Both startups and established enterprises are investing in blockchain initiatives, leading to a growing number of job opportunities for developers to work on new and existing blockchain projects.

  5. Salary and Career Growth: The demand for blockchain developers is driving competitive salaries and benefits, making it an attractive career path. Moreover, the potential for career growth is substantial, as experienced developers can advance into specialized roles and leadership positions.

  6. Remote Work Opportunities: The nature of blockchain development often lends itself to remote work arrangements, allowing developers to work for global companies and collaborate with international teams.

In conclusion, the future of blockchain developers appears promising, with significant opportunities for career growth, innovation, and the chance to contribute to the ongoing evolution and adoption of blockchain technology across various sectors.

Sure, here's an explanation in simpler terms:

  1. How long does it take to become a Blockchain developer?
    The time it takes to become a blockchain developer varies based on your previous experience, how much time you can dedicate to learning, and which platform you want to develop for. With dedicated effort, it's possible to become proficient in a few months.

  2. Does Blockchain require coding?
    Yes, you need to know at least basic coding to create "smart contracts," which are fundamental to blockchain technology.

  3. What is the salary of a Blockchain developer?
    In the United States, the average salary for a Blockchain developer is $136,000 per year. However, this can vary based on experience, location, and other factors.

  4. Is Blockchain coding hard?
    Blockchain coding is challenging and requires technical expertise. However, there are many resources available, such as online courses, tutorials, and books, to help people learn how to code for blockchain.

  5. Which language is used for Blockchain?
    There isn't one specific language for blockchain. Instead, it's built on existing programming languages like C++, Java, and Python.

BlockchainDeveloper #SmartContracts #DApps #Solidity #CryptoDev #DecentralizedApps #BlockchainCoding #EthereumDeveloper #CryptoProgramming #BlockchainTech

Top comments (3)

victordelpino profile image
Victor Del Pino

Thanks for the information! It's necessary to know about the roles and responsibilities of blockchain developers, because the majority of people don't understand the difference between them. Actually I started to learn more about the successful blockchain examples nowadays as Solana, ETH, WB Network, BNB smart chain, etc. And I decided to explore the advantages and disadvantages the each one for making the correct and verified analysis.

wahidanon profile image
Wahid Ali

That's good Keep learning...

sufian profile image
Sufian mustafa

thanks brother ! 🫡🫡🫡