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Describing For loops in JavaScript

vssj01 profile image Sri Sai Jyothi ・1 min read

1. The Standard For loop

let numbers = [10,20,30];
for(i = 0; i < a.length; i++ ){
  console.log(numbers[i]);
}

πŸ‘‰ We can use break, continue, and return inside of the standard for loop.

2. forEach Loop

let numbers = [1,2,3];
numbers.forEach(function(value){
  console.log(value);
}
  • Now, we'll get exactly as the same output as in case of the standard for-loop.

πŸ‘‰ We CANNOT use break or continue inside forEach loop.

πŸ‘‰ We can use the return keyword (forEach is anyway a function so it doesn't make any difference to use it)

3. For-in Loop

πŸ‘‰ It is used for looping over object properties.

  • What happens if we loop through an array?
// Looping through Objects
let obj = {a:10, b:20, c:30};
for(let prop in obj){
console.log(prop) //0
console.log(typeof(prop)) //string
}

//Looping through an array
let numbers = [10,20,30];
for(let index in numbers){
console.log(index) //0
console.log(typeof(index)) // string❗
}

4. For-Of Loop

πŸ‘‰ Use for-of to loop over itterables like arrays.

let numbers = [10,20,30];
for(let index of numbers){
console.log(index) //0
console.log(typeof(index)) // number❗
}

Summary

  1. πŸ“ The main difference between for and forEach is the use of break, continue, and return
  2. πŸ“ The main difference between for-in and for-of is the former is used to iterate over Object properties and the latter is for iterables like arrays.

Discussion

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mohsenalyafei profile image
Mohsen Alyafei

Thanks for the summary of the "for" loops.

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vssj01 profile image
Sri Sai Jyothi Author

Thank you for reading :)