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venkateshatgit
venkateshatgit

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Operator Overloading Example1

Easy way to understand oops is to code it, run it, debug it. Repeat it till you get something new every iteration.

The below program is self explanatory and easy to understand.

Leave comment if you find hard to understand and I will be there to help (Let me know what error you get)

Follow step by step, first code for '+' operator and see the results and next other operator one by one.

Complex Class

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

class Complex{
        int a, b;
    public:
        Complex(){
            //default constructor
        }

        Complex(int x, int y){
            a=x;
            b=y;
        }

        void display();
        //Binary operator
        Complex operator+(Complex);
        Complex operator-(Complex);
        Complex operator*(Complex);

        //unary operator
        void operator++();
        void operator--();
        Complex operator++(int);

};

void Complex::display(){
    cout<<a<<" + i"<<b<<endl;
}



int main(){

    Complex c1(3, 4), c2(5, 6), c3, c4, c5, c6, c7;
    c1.display();
    c2.display();

    c3 = c1 + c2;
    c3.display();

    c4 = c2 - c1;
    c4.display();

    c5 = c1 * c2;
    c5.display();

    ++c1;
    c1.display();

    --c2;
    c2.display();

    c6 = c5;
    c6.display();
    ++c5;
    c6.display();
    c5.display();

    c7=c4++;
    c4.display();
    c7.display();

    return 0;
}

Complex Complex::operator+(Complex c2){

    Complex c;
    c.a = this->a + c2.a;
    c.b = this->b + c2.b;

    return c;
}

Complex Complex::operator-(Complex c2){

    Complex c;
    c.a = this->a - c2.a;
    c.b = this->b - c2.b;

    return c;
} 

Complex Complex::operator*(Complex c2){

    Complex c;
    c.a = this->a * c2.a - this->b * c2.b;
    c.b = this->a * c2.b + this->b * c2.a;

    return c;
}

void Complex::operator++(){

    this->a = this->a + 1;
    this->b = this->b + 1;
}

void Complex::operator--(){

    this->a = this->a - 1;
    this->b = this->b - 1;
}

Complex Complex::operator++(int){
    Complex c;
    c.a = this->a;
    c.b = this->b;

    this->a = this->a + 1;
    this->b = this->b + 1;

    return c;
}

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Top comments (2)

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serkzex profile image
Mujtaba Aldebes

Since you are overloading some operators you could overload the operator << and delete the display function.

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venkateshatgit profile image
venkateshatgit

will do that

Take a look at this:

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