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Spring Framework Architecture and Runtime Components

The mainly concentrated in this post on the Java/ Spring Framework, we are going to study the important modules of the Spring Framework.
Indeed, briefly inform about Spring Framework Architecture and Runtime components differences, and than implementation source codes.

| More source code in the git, you can use freely open source.

Spring Framework Architecure and Spring Framework Runtime (Figure-1).
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Let's defining each components in the Figure-1.

Aspect-Oriented Programming

  • Aspect Oriented Programming(AOP) is the important part of the Spring Framework. The Aspect-Oriented Programming used for separating cross-cutting concerns (for example logging, security etc.) from the business logic of the application.

Model-View-Controller (MVC)

  • It an HTTP and servlet-based framework, this provides customization for web applications.

Transaction Management

  • TM is used to unify several transaction management APIs and to coordinate transactions for Java objects.

Core container

  • The core container is the heart of Spring framework and all other modules are built on top of it. It provides the dependency injection feature, also is known as inversion of control. This module contains the BeanFactory (an implementation of factory pattern) which creates and manages the life cycle of the various application objects (known as beans) defined in the Spring bean configuration file.

Application context

  • This module provides various enterprise level services, scheduling, JNDI access, email etc.

Spring DAO

  • Almost every enterprise application needs to interact with the database. Spring DAO module makes it easy to interact with database by providing an abstraction over low level JDBC tasks like creating a database connection, release it etc.
       public interface TodosRepository extends CrudRepository<Todo, Integer> { }

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  • There exist a number of popular object-relational mapping tools like Hibernate, iBatis, JPA etc. Spring ORM module helps in integrating with these tools.

          public class TodoService {
          private final TodosRepository todosRepository;
          public TodoService(TodosRepository todosRepository) {
            this.todosRepository = todosRepository;
        public List<Todo> findAll(){
        List<Todo> todos = new ArrayList<>();
        for(Todo todo : todosRepository.findAll()) {
          return todos;
        public void save(Todo todo){;
        public void delete(int id) {
          Optional<Todo> todo = todosRepository.findById(id);
         public Optional<Todo> findTodo(int id){
           return todosRepository.findById(id);

Inversion of Control (IoC) or Dependency Injection (DI)

  • A typical java based enterprise application consists of a number of java classes. To accomplish its designated functionality, each java class ( may depend on one or more other java classes. These other java classes are known as dependencies of the java class A. Generally, each class takes the responsibility to obtain the references of the classes it depends upon. This leads to highly coupled application.

  • Spring framework helps in developing the loosely coupled applications by delegating the responsibility of acquiring the dependencies of a java class to the Spring container and allowing the java class to focus only on its designated functionality. The Spring container injects the dependencies into the java class as the container is initialized (usually on application start up.)

  • Dependency injection is also known as inversion of control. Instead of java class obtaining their dependencies from the container, it is the container who is injecting the dependencies in the java class. So there is an inversion of control.



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