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Twilio

Build a Hamilton Song Recommendation SMS Bot with Machine Learning

lizziepika profile image Lizzie Siegle Updated on ・8 min read

Hamilton the Musical will start streaming on Disney Plus this Friday, so happy Hamilfilm week! To celebrate, learn how to build a SMS chatbot that recommends the Hamilton song most relevant to you right now using Twilio Programmable SMS and Functions, Microsoft Azure Cognitive Services, and JavaScript.

See it in-action: text how you’re feeling to +13364295064. The longer and more descriptive your message is, the more data the app has to analyze what Hamilton song you need now!

sms image

Prerequisites and setting up Azure Cognitive Services

To follow along with this post, you need three things:

To use Azure Cognitive Services, you will need an Azure key and endpoint. Follow the directions here to create a Cognitive Services resource using the Azure services portal.
Azure services create
After filling out the Resource, click Create. Once your Resource deploys, click Go to resource. You should see your endpoint and key in the quickstart pane that opens, or you can also click Keys and Endpoint beneath Resource Management on the left-hand pane.
keys and endpoint
If you are shown two keys, you will only need the first one which we will now configure to be the value for an environment variable.

Configure Twilio Functions with Azure

Configure your Twilio Functions with your Azure endpoint and key as environment variables from the last step.
configure env variables

Then add the dependencies @azure/ai-text-analytics 1.0.0 and whichx * as shown below. This post also uses Whichx, a naive Bayesian classifier that can succinctly and cleanly analyze data. You can read more on Naive Bayes here.
dependencies configure
Click Save and you can now use Azure AI Text Analytics and reference your Azure endpoint and key in any of your Twilio Functions!

Make a Twilio Function

On the left-hand panel underneath Functions, click Manage. To make a new Function, click the red plus button and then select a Blank template followed by Create.
blank Function template
Give your Function a name like "What Ham Song do you need" and a path, like "/hamilfilm".
Function name and path

Analyze an inbound SMS using Azure Cognitive Services and Naive Bayes with Node.js

Replace the Function code with the following:

const { TextAnalyticsClient, AzureKeyCredential } = require("@azure/ai-text-analytics");
const WhichX = require("whichx");
exports.handler = async function(context, event, callback) {
        let twiml = new Twilio.twiml.MessagingResponse();
        const key = context.AZURE_KEY_HAMILFILM;
        const endpoint = context.AZURE_ENDPOINT_HAMILFILM;
        const textAnalyticsClient = new TextAnalyticsClient(endpoint,  new AzureKeyCredential(key));
        const input = [
            event.Body
        ];
        const songs = {
    "non-stop": {
        desc: "You work a lot. You work too hard and do not sleep much, but it is how you get ahead. Keep pushing forward, maybe take some risks.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=_YHVPNOHySk"
    },
    "wait for it": {
        desc: "Lost, doubtful, confused, maybe sad or down, and you do not know what to do? Good things take time. You will get praise, recognition, and validation soon. If you're doubting yourself, just keep going. You are inimitable, an original.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=ulsLI029rH0"
    },
    "schuyler sisters": {
        desc: "Girl power! Queens. Sisters. You are empowered and thus empower others. Keep your siblings and friends close. You may be looking for a significant other, a friend, a peer, or a general mind at work.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=UeqKF_NF1Qs"
    },
    "dear theodosia": {
        desc: "You get teary over your kid or your pet like when your dog is sleeping. They are cute, young, innocent, and have their whole lives ahead of them, which you will make better.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=TKpJjdKcjeo"
    },
    "story of tonight": {
        desc: "You may be emotional over what you, your friends, and your family will do in the future. The night is still young. You can all do so much and change the world!",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=3vqwrepaMR0"
    },
    "my shot": {
        desc: "You may be confused or unsure. Life is tough but you are tougher. All you need is one chance, one shot, and you do not know what to do right now. Well here is the inspiration and motivation you need to accomplish anything.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=Ic7NqP_YGlg"
    },
    "alexander hamilton": {
        desc: "You save time by reading summaries. You do not get the hype over Alexander Hamilton or know the story. Hamilton may be new to you. This song will sum it up succinctly for you and you'll learn some history too.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=VhinPd5RRJw"
    }
    };

    const sentimentResult = await textAnalyticsClient.analyzeSentiment(input);
    let sentiment, pos, neg, neutral, max;

    sentimentResult.forEach(document => {
        console.log(`ID: ${document.id}`);
        console.log(`Document Sentiment: ${document.sentiment}`);
        console.log(`Positive: ${document.confidenceScores.positive.toFixed(2)} Negative: ${document.confidenceScores.negative.toFixed(2)} Neutral: ${document.confidenceScores.neutral.toFixed(2)}`);
        document.sentences.forEach(sentence => {
            sentiment = sentence.sentiment;
            console.log(`Sentence sentiment: ${sentiment}`);
            pos = sentence.confidenceScores.positive.toFixed(2);
            neg = sentence.confidenceScores.negative.toFixed(2);
            neutral = sentence.confidenceScores.neutral.toFixed(2);
            var obj = {"positive": pos, "negative": neg, "neutral": neutral};
            max = Object.keys(obj).reduce((a, b) => obj[a] > obj[b] ? a : b);
        });
    });

    //Build our Bayesian model
    var whichfw = new WhichX();
     whichfw.addLabels(["non-stop", "wait for it", "schuyler sisters", "dear theodosia", "story of tonight", "my shot", "alexander hamilton"]);
    Object.keys(songs).forEach((s) => { whichfw.addData(s.toLowerCase(), songs[s].desc) } );
    const song = whichfw.classify(event.Body); 
    const reasonWhySong = songs[song].desc;
    const link = songs[song].link;
    twiml.message(`You seem to be feeling ${max}. ${reasonWhySong} We recommend listening to ${song} right now: ${link}`);
    callback(null, twiml);
};

Wow, that's a lot of code. Let's break it down.

We import Azure AI Text Analytics and WhichX at the top with:

const { TextAnalyticsClient, AzureKeyCredential } = require("@azure/ai-text-analytics");
const WhichX = require("whichx");

Then we make our Function asynchronous to give the Function more time to analyze the inbound SMS input, make a MessagingResponse object that we will later return as an outbound SMS, create variables referencing our Azure endpoint and key environment variables, and pass them to textAnalyticsClient. Lastly, we pass in the inbound text message body to an array input.

exports.handler = async function(context, event, callback) {
        let twiml = new Twilio.twiml.MessagingResponse();
        const key = context.AZURE_KEY_HAMILFILM;
        const endpoint = context.AZURE_ENDPOINT_HAMILFILM;
        const textAnalyticsClient = new TextAnalyticsClient(endpoint,  new AzureKeyCredential(key));
        const input = [
            event.Body
        ];

Next we make the key-value object holding the collection of Hamilton songs the user can be classified as. Each song has a brief corresponding description the classifier will attempt to match to according to the inbound SMS.

const songs = {
    "non-stop": {
        desc: "You work a lot. You work too hard and do not sleep much, but it is how you get ahead. Keep pushing forward, maybe take some risks.",
        link: "youtube.com/watch?v=_YHVPNOHySk"
    },
        //complete songs object code on GitHub: https://github.com/elizabethsiegle/hamilton_song_recommender_azure_cog_services/blob/master/index.js
        ...
};

Now we call our client's analyzeSentiment method, which returns a SentimentBatchResult object, and create some global variables.

const sentimentResult = await textAnalyticsClient.analyzeSentiment(input);
let sentiment, pos, neg, neutral, max;

Iterate through the list of results, and print each document's ID and document-level sentiment (analyzes the whole text) with confidence scores. For each document, result contains sentence-level sentiment (analyzes just a sentence) along with confidence scores (percent confident the model is that the sentiment is positive, negative, or neutral) and more information that we do not need for this post. Lastly, we find the key (positive, negative, or neutral) that has the highest confidence level value.

sentimentResult.forEach(document => {
        console.log(`ID: ${document.id}`);
        console.log(`Document Sentiment: ${document.sentiment}`);
        console.log(`Positive: ${document.confidenceScores.positive.toFixed(2)} Negative: ${document.confidenceScores.negative.toFixed(2)} Neutral: ${document.confidenceScores.neutral.toFixed(2)}`);
        document.sentences.forEach(sentence => {
            sentiment = sentence.sentiment;
            console.log(`Sentence sentiment: ${sentiment}`);
            pos = sentence.confidenceScores.positive.toFixed(2);
            neg = sentence.confidenceScores.negative.toFixed(2);
            neutral = sentence.confidenceScores.neutral.toFixed(2);
            var obj = {"positive": pos, "negative": neg, "neutral": neutral};
            max = Object.keys(obj).reduce((a, b) => obj[a] > obj[b] ? a : b);
        });
    });

Finally, we build our naive Bayesian classifier, using it to classify the inbound text according to Hamilton songs by adding the labels of the Hamilton songs we want to classify. You could build a classifier in a variety of ways, but this is a succinct way to do so.

 //Build our Bayesian model
    var whichfw = new WhichX();
    whichfw.addLabels(["non-stop", "wait for it", "schuyler sisters", "dear theodosia", "story of tonight", "my shot", "alexander hamilton"]);
    Object.keys(songs).forEach((s) => { whichfw.addData(s.toLowerCase(), songs[s].desc) } );
    const song = whichfw.classify(event.Body); 
    const reasonWhySong = songs[song].desc;
    const link = songs[song].link;
    twiml.message(`You seem to be feeling ${max}. ${reasonWhySong} We recommend listening to ${song} right now: ${link}`);
    callback(null, twiml);
};

Save your Function. You can view the complete code on GitHub here. Let's now configure a Twilio phone number to analyze text messages to it, sending back the recommended Hamilton song.

Configure your Twilio Phone Number with a Twilio Function

If you don't have a Twilio number yet, go to the Phone Numbers section of your Twilio Console and search for a phone number in your country and region, making sure the SMS checkbox is ticked.
buy a number in console
In the Messaging section of your purchased number, in the A Message Comes In section, set the dropdown menu to Function instead of Webhook and then on the right select your Function from the larger dropdown menu, as shown below. Hit Save.
configure Twilio number with Function
Whip out your phone and text your Twilio number how you are feeling to see what Hamilton song you should listen to right now.
sms example 2

What's Next for Recommending Hamilton Songs

hamilton spin dance gif
I will be listening to Hamilton to celebrate Hamilton coming to Disney Plus. In the meantime, you can use different tools to analyze texts like IBM Watson, Google Cloud Natural Language, TensorFlow.js, and more. You could also recommend a Hamilton lyric (must include "You're On Your Own. Awesome. Wow! Do You Have A Clue What Happens Now?".)

I'll be livestreaming the 1st and Thursday of each month on Twitch, and July 2nd will be a Hamilton quote chatbot with some different libraries, products, and algorithms!

Let me know what you're building and what your favorite Hamilton song is online or in the comments.

Posted on Jun 29 by:

lizziepika profile

Lizzie Siegle

@lizziepika

twilio developer evangelist | swift && js hacker | disney, pikachu, #gsw fan. newsletter: https://tinyletter.com/lizziepika

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