DEV Community

Cover image for 4 Best Practices for Backend Developers
Tutort Academy
Tutort Academy

Posted on

4 Best Practices for Backend Developers

Backend development is the backbone of any software application, responsible for handling server-side operations, data storage, and communication with external systems.

  • It requires a deep understanding of programming languages, frameworks, databases, and security protocols.

While the frontend may steal the spotlight, it is the backend that ensures the smooth functioning of the entire application.

To excel in backend development, it is essential to follow best practices that promote efficiency, maintainability, and scalability.

Let's dive into some of these practices and explore how they can elevate your backend coding skills.

1. Validate Inputs

One of the fundamental best practices for backend development is validating inputs.

Once your application is live, it's essential to anticipate potential issues such as hackers penetrating the system or users triggering unintended use cases.

To avoid these problems, implementing rules to validate inputs becomes crucial.

There are two primary approaches to input validation:

  1. API gateway level validation- API gateways offer a more generic type of validation using policies like schema and format to validate information.

  2. Microservice level validation- This involves implementing specific checks at the individual service level.

To simplify input validation, you can leverage open-source libraries like the Joi validator, which provides a convenient way to validate inputs in your project.

2. Handle Errors Carefully

Error handling is another critical aspect of backend development. No error should be left unattended as it can lead to further complications during debugging.

Properly handling errors is especially crucial in microservices or mesh architecture, where multiple interconnected services can be affected by a single error.

One popular approach to handling errors is using the Circuit Breaker pattern.

-This pattern helps prevent repeated invocation of services that are likely to fail, minimizing the impact on the entire system.

-Additionally, using error codes to handle exceptions can ensure that the code returns a response code without crashing the service. This approach is particularly useful in enterprise-level services, where API errors are commonly handled with HTTP codes for troubleshooting purposes.

3. Separation of Concerns

Separation of concerns is an essential principle in software architecture, including backend development. It involves dividing the code into distinct modules, each responsible for a specific aspect of the application. By separating concerns, you can improve code maintainability and facilitate collaboration among developers.

One popular way to achieve separation of concerns is by using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework.

-MVC separates the software into model, view, and controller layers, providing a standardized approach for teams to follow.

-This separation enhances code readability and enables developers to work on specific components without affecting the entire system.

4. Write Test Cases and Documentation

Writing test cases and documentation is crucial for ensuring the quality and maintainability of backend code.

Test-driven development (TDD) is a recommended approach where test cases are written before the actual development begins.
-This practice helps visualize the expected outcome and identify any downstream impacts of code changes.

While writing code, it can be tempting to prioritize productivity and skip documentation.

However, as the project grows, the absence of documentation can hinder collaboration and slow down development.

Backend developers often handle API documentation, and tools like Postman can simplify the process.


Backend development is a vital part of building successful software applications. By following best practices such as input validation, error handling, separation of concerns, and thorough testing, backend developers can ensure the robustness, security, and scalability of their applications.

Top comments (17)

madhusaini22 profile image
Madhu Saini

Nice article, thanks for sharing :)

thatanjan profile image
Anjan Shomodder

Thanks for sharing

dube profile image

Awesome contribution I find it very helpful highly appreciated

sarma_akondi_746f338b83b7 profile image
Sarma Akondi

Informative 🙌

palharez profile image

Nice post!

shubhsharma19 profile image
Shubh Sharma

Nice one

zwilliamtm profile image
William Martinez

Thanks you for contribution

tutortacademy profile image
Tutort Academy

Happy to help!

dineshnfun profile image

Good content can be still more elaborate.

ppaanngggg profile image

Separation is a important habit, otherwise codebase will be a mountain of garbage

moboluwade profile image
Boluwade Folarin

This is a really informative article on backend practices.
I was hoping to see more scalability related concepts; like rate limiting, and throttling.

Will that happen anytime soon?

tutortacademy profile image
Tutort Academy

Thanks for the feedback. Sure will add more depth to the content in Part-2.

maybemahdi profile image
Mahdi Hasan Mahi

Thanks for Sharing

sira profile image

Thanks for sharing this insightfulinformation

kalagaserge profile image

Thank for sharing

carter907 profile image


isjasrajchouhan profile image
Jasraj Chouhan

Thanks it is awesome can you share ideal roadmap for becoming a good backend engineer using javascript.