For Database Management System, Oracle’s position is very strong and also popular among the developers and companies. The version of Oracle Database 11g Express Edition is widely used among the students and database beginners. It’s very lightweight and unlike the previous version 10g, it’s improved in many ways. However, today you will be learning how to install the Oracle Database 11g XE version on Windows PC and unlocking the ‘HR’ account.
Download the Oracle Database 11g Express Edition from the official link here. It’s a zip file that is about 350 MB more or less.
After finishing the downloading extract the zip file and for extracting a popular opensource program called 7-Zip can be used or you can use any proprietory programs like WinRAR, WinZip, etc.
After extracting there is a folder named [DISK1] and inside that folder, there’s a [setup.exe] file and that’s needed for the installation.
To begin the installation, double click on the "setup.exe" file, and a window like the below screenshot will appear.
Accept the license and click on the "Next" button like below.
If you wish to install it in another directory you can do so but I’m leaving it as default. I suggest unless you’re running out of space in the "C" drive, follow the program’s suggestion like below.
You need to set a password for the database system user which is used for the "SYS" & "SYSTEM" user account in the Oracle DBMS environment.
In this step, check whether all the information is correct or not. If negative you can go back and make changes. It’s important to remember the port information showed on this window.
Now the installation has begun, you can grab a cup of coffee as a waiting material.
After a couple of minutes, if the below window appears then Congratulations. You have installed the database successfully.
Although the installer won’t tell you about the restarting of pc. But it’s very important. After restarting, you can start exploring the database and also be able to follow the further procedure of unlocking the “HR” user account.
By default Oracle Database XE comes with a sample user named "HR" and under this user’s territory there are several database tables in a sample schema. These pre-given databases and tables are playgrounds for beginners. However, for security reasons, the "HR" account is locked by default.
So, Open up your CMD and execute the below command for connecting to the Oracle Database with CMD.
SQLPLUS / AS SYSDBA;
Alter the HR user to unlock,
ALTER USER HR ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
Finally, unlock the user and assign a password,
ALTER USER HR IDENTIFIED BY <password>;
Replace "" with your desired one and the changes will be made for the "HR" account only.
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