DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for Animated placeholder with CSS / Tailwind

Animated placeholder with CSS / Tailwind

Tayfun Erbilen
Just another ordinary person in the planet
・3 min read

Hello everybody, in this article we will create animated placeholder using css and tailwind. To do that, we need to enable JIT on configuration file. Because peer- utility that we will use is working with JIT mode.

So, our tailwind.config.js file should be like this

module.exports = {
  mode: 'jit',
  // other configs...
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

CSS Way

So, let's see first how we can do with css? But first, we need html :)

<div class="input-with-placeholder">
    <input type="text" id="username" />
    <label for="username">Username</label>
</div>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Basically, when we focus to input, then we need to use + selector to select label comes after input. But before we do that, let's write some css to make sure that example looks pretty :)

/*
some reset css..
*/

.input-with-placeholder {
  width: 250px;
  position: relative;
}
.input-with-placeholder label {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  padding-left: 10px;
  transition: 300ms all;
}
.input-with-placeholder input {
  width: 100%;
  height: 40px;
  padding: 0 15px;
  background: #f8f8f8;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

now it looks like this

Alt Text

so, what's next? When we focus to input, we will change label position, font-size, height and padding-left properties.

.input-with-placeholder input:focus + label {
  height: 50%;
  padding-left: 0;
  transform: translateY(-100%);
  font-size: 12px;
  color: #777;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

so now, animation will works perfectly. you can check the gif :)

Alt Text

but, when we write something to input, and when it lose focusable, label will back to normal style and we don't wanna do this right? So what can we do? Well, we can add required attribute to input, and then we can control with :valid in css. Let's do that.

add required attribute to input

<input type="text" id="username" required />
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

we will use same css with ":focus" for ":valid", so we don't need to write again. we can use like this

.input-with-placeholder input:focus + label,
.input-with-placeholder input:valid + label {
  height: 50%;
  padding-left: 0;
  transform: translateY(-100%);
  font-size: 12px;
  color: #777;
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

we did it!

Alt Text

here's the demo.

Tailwind CSS Way

As I always said, how we can make it faster to development process? Using tailwind css, for sure :)

So, what we will use? We will use group and peer utilities.

Let's create html + css and explain everthing what we did.

<div class="w-56 relative group">
    <input type="text" id="username" required class="w-full h-10 px-4 text-sm peer bg-gray-100 outline-none">
    <label for="username" class="transform transition-all absolute top-0 left-0 h-full flex items-center pl-2 text-sm group-focus-within:text-xs peer-valid:text-xs group-focus-within:h-1/2 peer-valid:h-1/2 group-focus-within:-translate-y-full peer-valid:-translate-y-full group-focus-within:pl-0 peer-valid:pl-0">Username</label>
</div>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

so what we did?

.w-56.relative.group = we set width, relative for absolute label, group for using group-focus-within

.w-full.h-10.px-4.text-sm.peer.bg-gray-100.outline-none = we set width full, height 2.5 rem, padding left and right 1rem, font-size 0.875rem, peer for using peer-valid, background gray and no outline.

.transform.transition-all.absolute.top-0.left-0.h-full.flex.items-center.pl-2.text-sm = we positioned label into input, and we add transition for the animation and transform for using the translate.

when we focus to input, we changed the label styles like what we did in normal css with group-focus-within

group-focus-within:text-xs.group-focus-within:h-1/2.group-focus-within:-translate-y-full.group-focus-within:pl-0 = so basically, we set font-size smaller, half height, -100% translate y and padding-left 0.

remember, when we write something to input, and when it lose focusable, label will back to normal style and we don't wanna do this right? so because of that, we used peer and peer-valid utilities.

we did same thing what we did in group-focus-within. And here's the demo.

 Quick tip

When your input in a form and when you don't want to validate some inputs, you can use novalidate attribute for <form> tag. So, css will still work, but you will not see any error message at all.

Thank you for reading, have a nice day.

Discussion (0)