DEV Community

Cover image for Mastering the Core Concepts of Angular
Muhammad Tanveer
Muhammad Tanveer

Posted on

Mastering the Core Concepts of Angular

Angular is a comprehensive framework for building dynamic and interactive web applications. To harness its full potential, developers must grasp its core concepts, which form the backbone of Angular development. In this article, we'll explore these fundamental concepts in detail, accompanied by illustrative examples.

1. Components

Components are the building blocks of Angular applications. They encapsulate the logic, data, and UI elements of a specific part of the application. Here's an example of a simple Angular component:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-greeting',
  template: '<h1>Hello, {{ name }}!</h1>',
export class GreetingComponent {
  name: string = 'John';
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, GreetingComponent is a basic Angular component that displays a greeting message with the name "John." The @Component decorator defines the component's metadata, including its selector and template.

2. Directives

Angular directives are markers on a DOM element that tell Angular to do something with that element. There are two types of directives: structural directives and attribute directives.

Structural Directives:

<div *ngIf="isLoggedin">Welcome, User!</div>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, *ngIf is a structural directive that conditionally renders the <div> element based on the value of the isLoggedin property.

Attribute Directives:

<input type="text" [ngModel]="username">
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Here, ngModel is an attribute directive that establishes two-way data binding between the <input> element and the username property in the component class.

3. Services

Services are reusable components in Angular that encapsulate common functionality and data manipulation tasks. They are typically injected into Angular components or other services to provide specific functionalities.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root',
export class DataService {
  getData() {
    return ['Item 1', 'Item 2', 'Item 3'];
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, DataService is a service that provides a method getData() to fetch an array of items. The @Injectable decorator marks the class as a service, and providedIn: 'root' registers it with the root injector.

4. Dependency Injection (DI)

Angular uses dependency injection to provide components and services with the dependencies they need. Dependencies are declared in the constructor of a component or service, and Angular's injector automatically resolves and injects them.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { DataService } from './data.service';

  selector: 'app-item-list',
  template: `
      <li *ngFor="let item of items">{{ item }}</li>
export class ItemListComponent {
  items: string[];

  constructor(private dataService: DataService) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.items = this.dataService.getData();
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, ItemListComponent depends on DataService to fetch the list of items. The service is injected into the component's constructor, and its getData() method is called in the ngOnInit() lifecycle hook.

5. Modules

Modules in Angular are used to organize the application into cohesive blocks of functionality. They group related components, directives, pipes, and services together. Angular applications typically have a root module (AppModule) and may have additional feature modules.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { GreetingComponent } from './greeting.component';
import { ItemListComponent } from './item-list.component';
import { DataService } from './data.service';

  declarations: [AppComponent, GreetingComponent, ItemListComponent],
  imports: [BrowserModule],
  providers: [DataService],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent],
export class AppModule {}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Here, AppModule is the root module of the Angular application. It declares the AppComponent, GreetingComponent, and ItemListComponent, imports the BrowserModule, provides the DataService, and specifies the bootstrap component (AppComponent).

6. Templates and Data Binding

Templates in Angular combine HTML with Angular markup and directives to define the UI of a component. Data binding allows for the synchronization of data between the component class and its template.

<h1>{{ title }}</h1>
<button (click)="onClick()">Click Me</button>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this template snippet, {{ title }} uses interpolation to display the value of the title property from the component class, while (click)="onClick()" sets up an event binding that calls the onClick() method when the button is clicked.


Mastering the core concepts of Angular is essential for developing robust and scalable web applications. Components, directives, services, dependency injection, modules, templates, and data binding are the building blocks that empower developers to create dynamic and interactive user experiences. By understanding these concepts and leveraging them effectively, developers can unleash the full potential of Angular for modern web development.

This article provides an in-depth exploration of Angular's core concepts, complete with illustrative examples to aid in understanding and application. By familiarizing yourself with these fundamental concepts, you'll be well-equipped to embark on your journey as an Angular developer.

Top comments (0)