In this post let's talk about the paradigm shift from lifecycle methods to state synchronization and hooks in ReactJs.
Here is a video version of this post, if that's what you prefer.
When class components were a thing in ReactJs (Well it still is, but no one likes them anymore), we use to think a lot in terms of mouting, unmounting, and lifecycle methods.
Whenever a class component mounts, the lifecycle methods are called in following sequence: constructor → render → DOM and refs update → componentDidMount
But then came React Hooks, and we started to think in terms of dependency array.
And, often times we ask:
What is the hooks equivalent to [some lifecycle method]?
The quick answer is that hooks are a paradigm shift from thinking in terms of "lifecycles" to thinking in terms of "state and synchronization with DOM".
Trying to take the old paradigm and apply it to hooks just doesn't work out very well and can hold you back.
useEffect(fn) // fn invoked on all updates useEffect(fn, ) // invoked on mount useEffect(fn, [a, b, c]) // invoked if any of the members of the array are updated
The above snippet is not the right way to think about React hook.
Lifecycles are gone, but we still think of useEffect with empty dep array as componentDidMount, and that’s not the right way to think about React Hooks.
Now I want to present to you the right way to think about react hooks.
See, the question is not "when does this effect run" the question is "which state does this effect synchronizes with"
useEffect(fn) // useEffect with no dep array, sync with all state useEffect(fn, ) // useEffect with empty dep array, sync with no state useEffect(fn, [stateA, stateB]) // useEffect with stateA and stateB in dep array sync with stateA and stateB.
And that’s how you should think about React Hooks.
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