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From Hardware to API, From Arduino To Cloud

stevcooo profile image Stevan Kostoski Updated on ・5 min read

From Hardware to API, From Arduino To Cloud

This is a proof of concept that shows how can you read data from a sensor and write it to database trough API, and the show that data on Web.

Disclaimer

Please note that data from this sensor is not too relevant, it can be used as a guide, but the numbers are not too precise.

Wiring

Solution diagram

Hardware

The sensor that I'm using is Nova PM sensor SDS011Arduino board is NodeMCU ESP82667 Segment display is TM1637 LED Display Module.

This is the links of the components that I've been using (they are no referral links!)

Hardware Architecture

ESP8266 is the central unit, it reads data from SDS011 and sends it to TM1637 LED Display and API.

If you go through the Arduino code, you can clearly see how it works. Please note that you need to set your network name and password, to be able to connect the ESP8266 to your local network so it can send data to your API. I've put some description comments in the code, it should be enough to do your setup.

Connections

Dust sensor:
ESP8266  SDS011
D2 TX
D3  RX
GND GND
VIN 5V
PM 10 Display:
ESP8266   TM1637 LED
D5 CLK
D6 DIO
GND GND
VIN VCC
PM 2.5 Display:
ESP8266   TM1637 LED
D7 CLK
D8 DIO
GND GND
VIN VCC

Wiring

Wiring diagram

Enclosing box

To have something compact, we need a box where we will put all these components. Because this is a custom build project, finding a box that will be compact for our components it's difficult, the easiest solution is to design and 3d print one. For this purpose, I designed and printed one.

STL models:

Designed model

Wiring

3D Design


Wiring

3D Design


Wiring

3D Design

3D Printed model

Box

Cover

Wiring

3D Printed box

Software

Because we want data received from the sensor to be sent/written in the database, we need some sort of endpoint where our ESP8266 can send data. For that purpose, we will create a web site where we can store or view our data. Please note that in this example we use unprotected API, so do not expose your endpoint or use some kind of authentication to avoid abuse of your resources (if some destructive person finds your endpoint then it can easily overflow with data).  Our web solution has two parts, one is where ESP8266 has access and post data (sensor data about PM 10 and PM 2.5), and the other is a page we can see segmented data. Also, because we can deal with a lot of data, here I'm using an SQL View that will prepare the required data on data level and then EF will pick it up as prepared and display in our scree, also here I implemented a caching mechanism, to avoid the constant call to the DB when the data is not changed.EntriesApiController is the controller that has been called when ESP8266 tries to send data via the API/Entries endpoint, this is a POST method. Also in this controller, we have GET method that will retrieve all records from the DB, you can use this for debugging.  Also, we have StatisticsController, where we call the EntriesService to get statistics from DB.

Pepeare

Software

When you create a database, you need to get the ConnectionString and put it in appsettings.json instead of the value YOUR_DATABASE_CONNECTION_HERE.

Also, when you create the database, you need to copy/paste this scripts:

This will be enough to run the web application or host it if you like, you can also test your endpoints with Postman or something similar just to be sure that the software part of this project works fine.

Hardware/Arduino

When you're done with the web probject, now is time to put the values inside the Arduino code.

Here NAME_OF_YOUR_NETWORK should be the name of your local network, and also NETWORK_PASSWORD should be the password of your network.

For the endpoint, here, the value of PATH_OF_YOUR_ENDPOINT should be replaced with the address of your endpoint, for example, http://mysensordatadomai.com/api/Entries if you host your application on some web/cloud provider, or http://localhost:27005/api/Entries if the application is hosted on your machine (please check the port).

Deploy

When you're done with these changes, you can use Arduino App to deploy the code to your ESP8266. Here is a tutorial if you're unfamiliar with ESP8266, how to upload code to it: How to Program NodeMCU on Arduino IDE.

You will need the driver:

Board

Install board

Because there are many options, here is my configuration, so you may find it usefull:
Config

My selected configuration

You must select the right COM port, you can check that on DeviceManager, once you install the driver and connect the ESP8266 with a USB cable.

Config

My com port

Source

https://github.com/stevcooo/PollutionBlog

My Blog

https://blog.kostoski.com/blog/3

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