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Shehzad Hussain
Shehzad Hussain

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Navigating the Risks of dangerouslySetInnerHTML in React

Today, we're diving into dangerouslySetInnerHTML in React - a feature that's as risky as it sounds. We'll explore how to use it safely without compromising your app's security.

Understanding dangerouslySetInnerHTML is crucial because it directly impacts your React app's security. Misuse can lead to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, risking your user data.

Many developers stumble with dangerouslySetInnerHTML because of its deceptive simplicity. Overlooking sanitization can open doors to subtle yet significant security vulnerabilities.

Mastering dangerouslySetInnerHTML is essential for any React developer committed to building secure apps

React, by default, escapes content to prevent XSS attacks. However, dangerouslySetInnerHTML allows inserting HTML directly into the DOM, bypassing this safety feature. This flexibility is necessary in some cases but demands cautious handling.

  • Always sanitize content before using it.

  • Use libraries like DOMPurify to cleanse the HTML content.

  • Limit the use of it to when necessary.

  • Regularly review and update your sanitization logic.

Understanding XSS Risks

XSS attacks can occur when an attacker injects malicious scripts into web pages viewed by other users. dangerouslySetInnerHTML can unwittingly become a medium for such attacks if not handled carefully.

Code Examples

*Unsafe usage

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*Safer usage with sanitization

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While avoiding dangerouslySetInnerHTML is ideal, understanding its correct usage is vital. It's about balancing functionality with security, ensuring user input or dynamic content is rigorously sanitized.


Using dangerouslySetInnerHTML requires a blend of caution, knowledge, and respect for security practices. You can use this React feature effectively without compromising your app's integrity by sanitizing HTML content and understanding the underlying risks. Remember, with great power comes great responsibility.

Here, I share a helpful resource about this topic. I strongly recommend it:

I hope you enjoyed the article.

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