DEV Community

Cover image for How to Install KVM on Ubuntu? A Complete Guide

How to Install KVM on Ubuntu? A Complete Guide

In the dynamic world of IT infrastructure, virtualization has become a cornerstone for efficient resource utilization and scalability. Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a robust open-source virtualization solution for Linux. This article will guide you through the installation process of KVM on Ubuntu, exploring its definition, benefits, and essential considerations.

What is KVM:

Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a Linux kernel module that transforms the host operating system into a hypervisor. It enables the creation and management of virtual machines (VMs) by leveraging hardware virtualization extensions such as Intel VT or AMD-V. KVM is integrated into the Linux kernel, providing a lightweight and high-performance virtualization solution.

Benefits of KVM:

Hardware Virtualization:

KVM harnesses hardware virtualization extensions, allowing VMs to directly access physical hardware resources. This results in enhanced performance and efficiency.

Linux Kernel Integration:

Being a part of the Linux kernel, KVM benefits from seamless integration with the host system, ensuring stability and compatibility.


KVM supports the creation of multiple VMs on a single host, making it suitable for both small-scale and large-scale virtualization environments.

Open Source and Cost-Effective:

KVM is open-source software, eliminating licensing costs. This makes it an attractive choice for organizations aiming to optimize costs while maintaining powerful virtualization capabilities.

Need help regarding Server Setup or Management? Consider contacting Server Support Experts.

How to Install KVM on Ubuntu:

Follow these steps to install KVM on Ubuntu:

Check Hardware Virtualization Support:

Before installing KVM, ensure that your CPU supports hardware virtualization. You can check this using the following command:

egrep -c '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo

If the output is greater than 0, your CPU supports virtualization.

Install KVM and Related Packages:

Open a terminal and use the following command to install KVM and related packages:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qemu-kvm libvirt-daemon-system libvirt-clients bridge-utils virtinst

Enable and Start libvirtd Service:

Start and enable the libvirtd service:

sudo systemctl enable libvirtd
sudo systemctl start libvirtd

Add User to libvirt Group:

Add your user to the libvirt group to manage virtualization without root privileges:

sudo adduser $USER libvirt
sudo adduser $USER libvirt-qemu

Restart the System:

Restart your system to apply the changes:

sudo reboot

Verify Installation:

After rebooting, use the following command to verify the installation:

virsh list --all

This command should show no errors and an empty list of virtual machines.

Things to Keep in Mind:

Hardware Requirements:

Ensure that your hardware meets the virtualization requirements, including CPU support for hardware virtualization extensions.

Networking Considerations:

Be mindful of networking configurations, especially if you plan to set up virtual machines with specific network requirements.

Security Measures:

Implement security best practices, such as restricting access to virtualization services and regularly updating software.

Backup Strategies:

Establish a robust backup strategy for critical VMs to prevent data loss in the event of hardware or software failures.

Quick Tip:

For comprehensive server support, including server setup, software installation, server management, and web hosting control panel management, consider engaging the expertise of Server Support Experts. Their professionals specialize in ensuring the optimal performance, security, and reliability of your server infrastructure.

Server Support Experts offer a range of services, including:

Server Setup and Configuration:

Configure servers according to your specific requirements, ensuring optimal performance and security.

Software Installation and Updates:

Expertly install and update software packages to keep your server environment up to date and secure.

Server Management:

Handle day-to-day server management tasks, monitoring, and troubleshooting to maintain a stable and efficient server environment.

Web Hosting Control Panel Management:

Manage and optimize web hosting control panels, ensuring seamless website and application hosting.

To benefit from their expertise, visit Server Support Experts and explore their comprehensive server management services.


In conclusion, Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) provides a powerful and cost-effective virtualization solution for Ubuntu users. By following the step-by-step installation guide, you can harness the benefits of KVM, from hardware virtualization to scalability. Keep essential considerations in mind, and for comprehensive server support, consider the expertise of Server Support Experts to ensure the optimal performance and management of your virtualized infrastructure. Virtualization with KVM opens the door to a flexible and efficient IT environment, laying the foundation for a wide range of applications and services.

Top comments (0)