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Scotticles
Scotticles

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dynamic dns and ufw

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Own a vps? I scored over black friday and now have a ton of them for some projects. I ended up setting up wireguard on all of them and linking them all together. I have a raspberry pi in my home for my private container registry and hooked it up to the wireguard network.

I did not want to open up my wireguard port and any ssh port to the public.

I found a similar script like this on a google search, had to modify it for ufw to work and to do wireguard and ssh. My home router does a dynamic dns update and keeps that updated. If your router cannot do that, you can setup a pi or a script to run off your computer so when it boots up it will try to keep it up to date.

UFW cannot accept a dns name, unfortunately. This script will require the host command, if your vps does not have that command, it is usually in bind-utils on ubuntu or dns-utils. Add in your hostname and ssh port, wireguard port. Run it manually first to verify it works and then cron it.

sudo chmod +x mydnsscript.sh
sudo ./mydnsscript.sh
sudo ufw status
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You should see your home network ip allowed for ssh and wireguard.

Here is the script:

#!/bin/bash

#SET THE FOLLOWING

HOSTNAME=mydyndns.com
SSH_PORT=22
WIREGUARD_PORT=5246

#IF IT DOES NOT WORK, AT LEAST ON UBUNTU INSTALL, bind-utils to get the host command

#Create a cron /15 * * * * root bash /path/to/dynamicdnsupdater.sh

if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]]; then
   echo "This script must be run as root"
   exit 1
fi
new_ip=$(host $HOSTNAME | head -n1 | cut -f4 -d ' ')
old_ip=$(/usr/sbin/ufw status | grep $HOSTNAME | head -n1 | tr -s ' ' | cut -f3 -d ' ')
if [ "$new_ip" = "$old_ip" ] ; then
    echo IP address has not changed
else
    if [ -n "$old_ip" ] ; then
        /usr/sbin/ufw delete allow from $old_ip to any port $SSH_PORT
        /user/sbin/ufw delete allow from $old_ip to any port $WIREGUARD_PORT
    fi
    /usr/sbin/ufw allow from $new_ip to any port $SSH_PORT comment $HOSTNAME
    /usr/sbin/ufw allow from $new_ip to any port $WIREGUARD_PORT comment $HOSTNAME
    echo UFW have been updated
fi
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I use this so now my home network can reach my vps network via wireguard or ip and I can vpn into my home network to jump. Very cool!

Oldest comments (1)

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Axel

Great script, thanks!
I just changed new_ip=$(host $HOSTNAME | head -n1 | cut -f4 -d ' ') to new_ip=$(getent hosts $HOSTNAME | awk '{ print $1 }').
Should work on most systems and more importantly (at least in my case): it handles CNAME entries as $HOSTNAME as well as A records easier, since the host IP should always be first in line.