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Satel Dev
Satel Dev

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Create Simple Count Down Timer Component

It renders a countdown timer that prints a message when it reaches zero.

  1. Use object destructuring to set defaults for the hours, minutes and seconds props.
  2. Use the React.useState() hook to create the time, paused and over state variables and set their values to the values of the passed props, false and false respectively.
  3. Create a method tick, that updates the value of time based on the current value (i.e. decreasing the time by one second).
  4. If paused or over is true, tick will return immediately.
  5. Create a method reset, that resets all state variables to their initial states.
  6. Use the the React.useEffect() hook to call the tick method every second via the use of setInterval() and use clearInterval() to cleanup when the component is unmounted.
  7. Use a to wrap a

    element with the textual representation of the components time state variable, as well as two elements that will pause/unpause and restart the timer respectively.

  8. If over is true, the timer will display a message instead of the value of time.
  9. Code

    function CountDown({ hours = 0, minutes = 0, seconds = 0 }) {
      const [paused, setPaused] = React.useState(false);
      const [over, setOver] = React.useState(false);
      const [time, setTime] = React.useState({
        hours: parseInt(hours),
        minutes: parseInt(minutes),
        seconds: parseInt(seconds)
      });
    
      const tick = () => {
        if (paused || over) return;
        if (time.hours == 0 && time.minutes == 0 && time.seconds == 0) setOver(true);
        else if (time.minutes == 0 && time.seconds == 0)
          setTime({
            hours: time.hours - 1,
            minutes: 59,
            seconds: 59
          });
        else if (time.seconds == 0)
          setTime({
            hours: time.hours,
            minutes: time.minutes - 1,
            seconds: 59
          });
        else
          setTime({
            hours: time.hours,
            minutes: time.minutes,
            seconds: time.seconds - 1
          });
      };
    
      const reset = () => {
        setTime({
          hours: parseInt(hours),
          minutes: parseInt(minutes),
          seconds: parseInt(seconds)
        });
        setPaused(false);
        setOver(false);
      };
    
      React.useEffect(() => {
        let timerID = setInterval(() => tick(), 1000);
        return () => clearInterval(timerID);
      });
    
      return (
        <div>
          <p>{`${time.hours.toString().padStart(2, '0')}:${time.minutes
            .toString()
            .padStart(2, '0')}:${time.seconds.toString().padStart(2, '0')}`}</p>
          <div>{over ? "Time's up!" : ''}</div>
          <button onClick={() => setPaused(!paused)}>{paused ? 'Resume' : 'Pause'}</button>
          <button onClick={() => reset()}>Restart</button>
        </div>
      );
    }
    

    Now you can use it in your React applications.

    ReactDOM.render(<CountDown hours="1" minutes="45" />, document.getElementById('root'));
    

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