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SalahElhossiny
SalahElhossiny

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Max Area of Island

You are given an m x n binary matrix grid. An island is a group of 1's (representing land) connected 4-directionally (horizontal or vertical.) You may assume all four edges of the grid are surrounded by water.

The area of an island is the number of cells with a value 1 in the island.

Return the maximum area of an island in grid. If there is no island, return 0.


class Solution:
    def maxAreaOfIsland(self, grid: List[List[int]]) -> int:
        ROWS, COLS = len(grid), len(grid[0])
        visit = set()

        def dfs(r, c):
            if (
                r < 0
                or r == ROWS
                or c < 0
                or c == COLS
                or grid[r][c] == 0
                or (r, c) in visit
            ):
                return 0

            visit.add((r, c))
            return 1 + dfs(r + 1, c) + dfs(r - 1, c) + dfs(r, c + 1) + dfs(r, c - 1)


        area = 0

        for r in range(ROWS):
            for c in range(COLS):
                area = max(area, dfs(r, c))

        return area

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