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Tapajyoti Bose
Tapajyoti Bose

Posted on • Updated on

7 Console Methods Used by Pros

Often while debugging, beginners use the console.log() method to print out values. But there are a few other console methods that make your life much easier. Want to know what these methods are? Let's dive in!

1. console.table()

Logging matrixes or even long arrays or objects is a headache using the console.log() method. console.table() is a much more elegant way to do it.

// Matrix
console.table([
  ["apple", "banana", "cherry"],
  ["Rs 80/kg", "Rs 100/kg", "Rs 120/kg"],
  ["5 ⭐", "4 ⭐", "4.5 ⭐"],
]);

// Maps
class Person {
  constructor(firstName, lastName) {
    this.firstName = firstName;
    this.lastName = lastName;
  }
}

const family = {};
family.mother = new Person("Jane", "Smith");
family.father = new Person("John", "Smith");
family.daughter = new Person("Emily", "Smith");

console.table(family);
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tables

2. console.trace()

Are you having issues debugging a function? Left wondering how the execution flows? console.trace() is your friend!

function outerFunction() {
  function innerFunction() {
    console.trace();
  }

  innerFunction();
}

outerFunction();
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trace

3. console.error() and console.warn()

Tired of boring logs? Spice things up with console.error() and console.warn().

console.error("This is an error message");
console.warn("This is a warning message");
console.log("This is a log message");
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messages

4. console.assert()

This is another brilliant tool for debugging! If the assertion fails, the console will print out the trace.

function func() {
  const a = -1;
  console.assert(a === -1, "a is not equal to -1");
  console.assert(a >= 0, "a is negative");
}

func();
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assertion

5. console.count() and console.countReset()

Yet another incredible debugging tool! console.count() will print out the number of times it is executed.

function fibonacci(num) {
  console.count("fibonacci");
  if (num < 2) {
    return num;
  }
  return fibonacci(num - 1) + fibonacci(num - 2);
}

fibonacci(2);

console.countReset("fibonacci");
console.log("COUNTER RESET");

fibonacci(5);
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counter

6. console.time(), console.timeEnd(), and console.timeLog()

Need to check how long something takes? The timer methods are there to rescue you!

console.time("timeout-timer");

setTimeout(() => {
  console.timeEnd("timeout-timer");
}, 1000);

setTimeout(() => {
  console.timeLog("timeout-timer");
}, 500);
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timers

NOTE: The setTimeouts are not executed immediately, resulting in a small deviation from the expected time.

7. console.clear()

After logging so much to the console, of course, you would need to clear it up for further use. The console.clear() method is the way to go!

console.log("Some random text");
console.clear();
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cleared-console

That's all folks! Hope this helps you become a better, well-rounded developer!

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Discussion (2)

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mrdulin profile image
official_dulin • Edited on

Do you want to know how many re-renders your React Component make? Using

const MyComponent = () => {
   // ... a lot of effects, mutate states

   console.count('MyComponent render')
   return <div>view</div>
}
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jwp profile image
John Peters

And the most important is Console.Clear before debugging a section.