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Rowsan Ali
Rowsan Ali

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Top 10 React.js Best Practices for Clean Code

Clean code is essential for the maintainability and scalability of any software project, and React.js is no exception. React's component-based architecture encourages clean and reusable code, but it's easy to introduce complexity and messiness if you're not following best practices. In this blog post, we'll explore the top 10 React.js best practices to help you maintain clean and organized code. We'll provide detailed explanations and code examples for each practice.
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1. Use Functional Components

Functional components are the preferred way of writing React components. They are more concise and easier to read than class components. Here's an example:

function MyComponent(props) {
  return <div>{props.text}</div>;
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2. Destructure Props

Destructuring props at the component's parameter level makes your code cleaner and more readable.

function MyComponent({ text }) {
  return <div>{text}</div>;
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3. State Management with Hooks

Use React Hooks like useState and useEffect for state management and side effects. Hooks make your code more concise and easier to reason about.

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function MyComponent() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    document.title = `Count: ${count}`;
  }, [count]);

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>
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4. Separate Concerns with Components

Follow the Single Responsibility Principle. Divide your application into smaller, reusable components that focus on one specific task.

5. Use Prop Types or TypeScript

Use Prop Types or TypeScript to define the expected data types for your component's props. This helps catch errors early and documents the component's interface.

import PropTypes from 'prop-types';

function MyComponent(props) {
  // ...

MyComponent.propTypes = {
  text: PropTypes.string.isRequired,
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6. Avoid Conditional Rendering in JSX

Instead of complex ternary operators in JSX, conditionally render components based on variables or state outside the return statement.

function MyComponent({ isLoading, data }) {
  if (isLoading) {
    return <LoadingSpinner />;

  return <DataComponent data={data} />;
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7. Use CSS Modules or Styled Components

To maintain clean and modular styles, use CSS Modules or styled-components to encapsulate component-specific styles.

8. Avoid Inline Styles

Avoid using inline styles in your JSX, as they can make your code harder to maintain. Instead, use CSS or a styling solution like styled-components.

9. Optimize Renders with PureComponent or React.memo

For performance optimization, use PureComponent for class components and React.memo for functional components to prevent unnecessary re-renders.

import React, { PureComponent } from 'react';

class MyComponent extends PureComponent {
  // ...
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10. Keep an Eye on the Component Hierarchy

Be mindful of your component hierarchy. Deeply nested components can make the code harder to understand. Consider using context or a state management library to avoid excessive prop drilling.

In conclusion, following these best practices will help you maintain clean, readable, and maintainable React.js code. Clean code not only makes your development process smoother but also ensures your application is more robust and easier to collaborate on with other developers. Happy coding!

Top comments (4)

somidad profile image

For me, the post sounds like useState and useEffect are something that React devs decide to use them. However, these are fundamental things of functional component.

Could you explain which alternatives are considered less clean compared to useState and useEffect? 3rd party state management lib/framework?

josemunoz profile image
José Muñoz

here's a bonus one: If you have a more than 5 useState calls on a component consider using useReducer instead

rowsanali profile image
Rowsan Ali


yogini16 profile image

Great Article !!
Thank you so much for sharing