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Rajitha Gunathilake
Rajitha Gunathilake

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Deploy Appwrite to AWS using Terraform and Ansible

Hi everyone,

This is a tutorial I am going to walk through how to deploy Appwrite to AWS EC2 instance using Terraform and Ansible.

Appwrite is a self-hosted solution that provides developers with a set of easy-to-use and integrate REST APIs to manage their core backend needs.

We will use Terraform to provision the underlying infrastructure and manage configurations and deploy appwrite using Ansible.

code for this tutorial can be found in

Hi everyone,

This is a tutorial I am going to walk through how to deploy Appwrite to AWS EC2 instance using Terraform and Ansible.

Appwrite is a self-hosted solution that provides developers with a set of easy-to-use and integrate REST APIs to manage their core backend needs.

We will use Terraform to provision the underlying infrastructure and manage configurations and deploy appwrite using Ansible.

code for this tutorial can be found in

{% github RizkyRajitha/appwriteiac %}

prerequisites

Provisioning infrastructure with Terraform

we'll start by provisioning the infrastructure needed to deploy appwrite using terraform.

in this tutorial, we will be provision

  1. VPC and subnet to run EC2 instance
  2. Internet gateway to expose subnet to internet
  3. route table and…

prerequisites

Provisioning infrastructure with Terraform

we'll start by provisioning the infrastructure needed to deploy appwrite using terraform.

in this tutorial, we will be provision

  1. VPC and subnet to run EC2 instance
  2. Internet gateway to expose subnet to internet
  3. route table and route table association to associate route table with subnet
  4. EC2 instance to deploy appwrite
  5. security groups to allow inbound(http , https) and outbound web traffic to EC2 instance to expose appwrite

first, create a folder of your choice and then create providers.tf file . this file will hold information about the cloud provider. next, initialize terraform project using terraform init . this will allow terraform to download necessary binaries and initiate terraform.

providers.tf

terraform {

  required_providers {
    aws = {
      source  = "hashicorp/aws"
      version = "~> 3.27"
    }
  }

  required_version = ">= 0.14.9"

}

provider "aws" {

  profile = "default"
  region  = "us-east-1"

}
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after that, we need to create our first component, AWS VPC . VPC stands for Virtual Private Cloud, which is like a complete network infrastructure layer for your cloud applications. next, we need to create a subnet in our VPC. this is where our EC2 instance is placed in the network.

To expose this subnect to the internet we need to provision an Internet Gateway and also route table and route table associations to associate the route table with this subnet.

network.tf


# VPC
resource "aws_vpc" "vpcappwriteiacdemo" {
  cidr_block = "10.0.0.0/16"
  tags = {
    "Name" = "vpc_appwriteiacdemo"
  }
}

# Public subnet
resource "aws_subnet" "publicsubnetappwriteiacdemo" {
  vpc_id                  = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id
  cidr_block              = "10.0.1.0/24"
  map_public_ip_on_launch = true

}


#IGW
resource "aws_internet_gateway" "igwappwriteiacdemo" {
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id
  tags = {
    "Name" = "igw_appwriteiacdemo"
  }
}

resource "aws_route_table" "crtpublicappwriteiacdemo" {
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id


  route {
    cidr_block = "0.0.0.0/0"
    # directs to IGW
    gateway_id = aws_internet_gateway.igwappwriteiacdemo.id
  }


  tags = {
    "Name" = "custom_public_route_table_appwriteiacdemo"
  }
}


resource "aws_route_table_association" "racappwriteiacdemo" {
  subnet_id      = aws_subnet.publicsubnetappwriteiacdemo.id
  route_table_id = aws_route_table.crtpublicappwriteiacdemo.id
}
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after that, we need to specify the security groups to allow web traffic to the EC2 instance we are provisioning. for that create securitygroups.tf file.

here we provision 4 security groups.

  1. allow http ingress traffic (allow inbound http traffic to EC2) : port 80

  2. allow https ingress traffic (allow inbound https traffic to EC2) : port 443

  3. allow ssh ingress traffic (allow inbound ssh traffic to EC2) : port 22

  4. allow all egress traffic (allow all outbound traffic to EC2)

securitygroups.tf

resource "aws_security_group" "sg_allow_http_ingress_appwriteicademo" {
  name = "sg_allow_http_ingress_appwriteicademo"
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id
  ingress {
    description      = "http"
    from_port        = 80
    to_port          = 80
    protocol         = "tcp"
    cidr_blocks      = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
    ipv6_cidr_blocks = ["::/0"]
  }

}

resource "aws_security_group" "sg_allow_https_ingress_appwriteicademo" {
  name = "sg_allow_https_ingress_appwriteicademo"
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id
  ingress {
    description      = "http"
    from_port        = 443
    to_port          = 443
    protocol         = "tcp"
    cidr_blocks      = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
    ipv6_cidr_blocks = ["::/0"]
  }

}

resource "aws_security_group" "sg_allow_ssh_ingress_appwriteicademo" {
  name = "sg_allow_ssh_ingress_appwriteicademo"
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id
  ingress {
    description      = "http"
    from_port        = 22
    to_port          = 22
    protocol         = "tcp"
    cidr_blocks      = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
    ipv6_cidr_blocks = ["::/0"]
  }

}


resource "aws_security_group" "sg_allow_all_egress_appwriteicademo" {
  name = "sg_allow_all_egress_appwriteicademo"
  vpc_id = aws_vpc.vpcappwriteiacdemo.id

  egress {
    from_port        = 0
    to_port          = 0
    protocol         = "-1"
    cidr_blocks      = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
    ipv6_cidr_blocks = ["::/0"]
  }

}
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now we are almost there, just need to create our main.tf file where we specify EC2 instance to provision.

in this tutorial, we will provision t2 small EC2 instance to the public subnet we created in our previous steps.
I choose t2 small instance type because the minimum requirements to run Appwrite is 1 CPU core and 2GB of RAM which matches with t2 small instance type.

AMI we use here is Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS (HVM).security groups we created earlier also have specified to our EC2 instance along with the subnet.

Make sure you added your key pair name in key_name value.

main.tf


resource "aws_instance" "appwrite-demo" {
  ami           = "ami-09e67e426f25ce0d7" # ubuntu 20 image
  instance_type = "t2.small"
  tags          = { Name : "appwrite-ec2" }
  key_name               = "your-key-pair-name"
  vpc_security_group_ids = [aws_security_group.sg_allow_all_egress_appwriteicademo.id,
  aws_security_group.sg_allow_http_ingress_appwriteicademo.id ,
  aws_security_group.sg_allow_https_ingress_appwriteicademo.id
  ]
  subnet_id              = aws_subnet.publicsubnetappwriteiacdemo.id
}


# log public-ip after privisioning
output "public-ip" {
  value = aws_instance.appwrite-demo.public_ip
}

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now we have all the elements we need, let's apply this configuration using terraform apply command.

terraform output

terraform output

make sure you can connect to the EC2 instance using the key pair you specified before proceeding to the next steps.

aws network diagram

aws network diagram

Manage configurations and deploy appwrite using Ansible

First, create an inventory file named hosts and add EC2 instance public ip

hosts

your-ec2-public-ip-address
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our newly provisioned EC2 instance has a fresh copy of ubuntu, so we need need to install docker and docker-compose to deploy appwrite.

We can start by creating main.yml file as the ansible playbook . in this file, we will have all the tasks we need to execute deploy appwrite.

First, we will update apt packages, and install dependency packages for docker and docker-compose .

Next we will install docker and docker-compose.

Finally, we will copy the docker-compose.yml and .env files (which we will download in the next step) to EC2 instance deploy appwrite using docker-compose.

main.yml

- become: yes
  hosts: all
  name: deploy-appwrite
  user: ubuntu
  tasks:
    - name: Update all packages
      apt:
        upgrade: dist
        update_cache: yes
        cache_valid_time: 3600

    - name: Install a list of common dependancy packages
      apt:
        pkg:
          - apt-transport-https
          - ca-certificates
          - software-properties-common

    # install docker

    - name: docker gpg setup
      apt_key:
        url: https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg
        state: present

    - name: add docker apt repository
      apt_repository:
        repo: deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu focal stable
        update_cache: yes
        state: present

    - name: Update repositories cache
      apt:
        update_cache: yes

    - name: Install docker-ce
      apt:
        name: docker-ce

    - name: add ubuntu to docker
      user:
        name: ubuntu
        group: docker

    # install docker-compose
    - name: get platform
      shell: "uname -s"
      args:
        executable: /bin/bash
      register: platform

    - name: get architecture
      shell: "uname -m"
      args:
        executable: /bin/bash
      register: arch

    - name: install docker-compose
      get_url:
        url: https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.27.4/docker-compose-{{platform.stdout}}-{{arch.stdout}}
        dest: /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
        mode: "u+x,g+x"

    - name: Install Docker SDK for Python
      apt:
        pkg:
          - python3
          - python3-pip

    - name: Update repositories cache
      apt:
        update_cache: yes

    - name: Install Docker SDK for Python
      pip:
        name: "docker<5"
      become: yes

    - name: Install docker-compose SDK for Python
      pip:
        name: "docker-compose"
      become: yes

    # deploy appwrite
    - name: Create appwrite directory
      file:
        path: /home/ubuntu/appwrite/
        state: directory

    - name: Copy docker-compose.yml
      copy:
        src: templates/docker-compose.yml
        dest: /home/ubuntu/appwrite/docker-compose.yml

    - name: Copy .env
      copy:
        src: templates/.env
        dest: /home/ubuntu/appwrite/.env

    - name: docker compose up
      docker_compose:
        project_src: /home/ubuntu/appwrite
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Now create templates directory and add docker-compose.yml and .env files to templates directory from this GitHub gist.

GitHub gist

Appwrite docs

final folder structure

folder structure

Now we have all the pieces in hand, let's run ansible playbook using the following command.

In this command, we pass main.yml as our playbook
-i flag to pass our inventory file hosts

--private-key flag to pass the key pair, to ssh EC2 instance.

ansible-playbook main.yml -i hosts --private-key [path-to-your-key]

Let's run ansible playbook and watch the magic happens 🪄.

ansible output

After successfully running ansible playbook now you can visit your EC2 public ip address and view the appwrite signup page.

appwrite signup page

Now we can use appwrite and start building applications.

appwrite dashbaord

Thanks for reading till the end 🙌

Cheers 🥂

Discussion (4)

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lfpazmino profile image
Luis Fernando Pazmino

Congratz! Great work. I have been considering Appwrite as BaaS, but a little hesitant due to the lack of information about the cloud providers support.

Perhaps have you tried to deploy Appwrite in GCP/Kubernetes? or MS Azure?
Any reference would be much appreciated. Thanks!

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rizkyrajitha profile image
Rajitha Gunathilake Author

Hi luis ,
Thanks ✌, i haven't tried appwrite on GCP / K8 .
you can try appwrite discord server , they are active in discord. appwrite.io/discord

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pavindulakshan profile image
Pavindu Lakshan

I always wanted to experiment with Appwrite, but was not able recently. This article piqued that interest and now I'm going to try it with AWS and Terraform. Thanks for writing✌️

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rizkyrajitha profile image
Rajitha Gunathilake Author

Glad you liked it 🤞