The day I wrote my first line of code in Python, I become fascinated with the simplicity, popularity, and its famous one-liners. In this post, I want to present some python one-liners.
1. Swapping Two Variables
# a = 4 b = 5 a,b = b,a # print(a,b) >> 5,4
Let’s start with a simpler one by swapping two variables with each other. This method is one of the most simple and intuitive methods that you can write with no need to use a temp variable or apply arithmetic operations.
2. Multiple Variable Assignments
a,b,c = 4,5.5,'Hello' #print(a,b,c) >> 4,5.5,hello
You can use commas and variables to assign multiple values to the variables at a time. Using this technique, you can assign multiple data types var at a time. You can use a list to assign values to variables. Below is an example of assigning multiple values to different var from a list.
a,b,*c = [1,2,3,4,5] print(a,b,c) > 1 2 [3,4,5]
3. Sum of Even Numbers In a List
There can be many ways of doing this, but the best and simplest way is to use the list indexing and sum function.
a = [1,2,3,4,5,6] s = sum([num for num in a if num%2 == 0]) print(s) >> 12
4. Deleting Multiple Elements from a List
del is a keyword used in python to remove values from a list.
#### Deleting all even a = [1,2,3,4,5] del a[1::2] print(a) >[1, 3, 5]
5. Reading Files
lst = [line.strip() for line in open('data.txt')] print(lst)
Here we are using list comprehension. First, we are opening a text file, and using a for loop, we are reading line by line. In the end, using strip we are removing all the unnecessary space. There is one much simpler and shorter way of doing this using just the list function.
list(open('data.txt')) ##Using with with also close the file after use with open("data.txt") as f: lst=[line.strip() for line in f] print(lst)
6. Writing data to file
with open("data.txt",'a',newline='\n') as f: f.write("Python is awsome")
The above code will first create a file data.txt if not already there, and then it will write Python is awsome in the file.
7. Creating Lists
lst = [i for i in range(0,10)] print(lst) > [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] or lst = list(range(0,10)) print(lst)
We can also create a list of strings using the same method.
lst = [("Hello "+i) for i in ['Karl','Abhay','Zen']] print(lst) > ['Hello Karl', 'Hello Abhay', 'Hello Zen']
A palindrome is a number or a string that looks the same when it gets reversed.
text = 'level' ispalindrome = text == text[::-1] ispalindrome > True
9. To Check The Existence of a number in a list
num = 5 if num in [1,2,3,4,5]: print('present') > present
10. Simulating Toss of a coin
It may be not that important, but it can be very useful whenever you need to generate some random choice from a given set of choices.
import random; random.choice(['Head',"Tail"]) > Head