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Ravi Yasas
Ravi Yasas

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Hibernate Optimistic locking and Pessimistic locking

Optimistic locking

  • When two threads are going to update the same data at the same time, conflict can happen.
  • There are two options to handle this, Versioned and Version-less.

Versioned Optimistic locking

  • In this case, @Version annotation can be used.
  • @Version annotation allows Hibernate to activate the optimistic locking whenever executing an UPDATE and DELETE statements.
@Entity@Table(name = "orders")    
public class Order {
   private long id;

   private int version;

   private String description;
   private String status;

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Version-less Optimistic locking

  • But in this approach, it considers the entity as a whole unit.
  • If you change two fields at the same time, then It will throw an ObjectOptimisticLockingFailureException.
  • To handle this we can use simply version-less optimistic locking.
  • This can be achieved by using @OptimisticzLocking and @DynamicUpdate annotations.
@OptimisticLocking(type = OptimisticLockType.DIRTY)
public class VersionlessProduct {
    private UUID id;
    private String name;
    private int stock;
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Pessimistic locking

  • This can be implemented by @Lock annotation
interface WidgetRepository extends JPARepository<Widget, Long> {

   Widget findOne(Long id);
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