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class and objects in c++

Ram Kumar Shukla
hello, well i'm a college student as well as keen learner, Interested in learning new technology stuffs.
・1 min read

hey there, today we will talk about class and instances in c++.

Class

c++ supports object-oriented programming and often called user defined data types.
A class is a blueprint of the object. Data and functions within a class are called member of the class.

definition of class

class Circle{
      public:
        double radius; //radius of the circle
}; 
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class definition is starts with keyword class followed by classname. Here public means members of the class are accessible from outside the class from anywhere within scope of the class.

Class Objects

Circle circle1; //Declare circle1 of type Circle
Circle circle2; //Declare circle2 of type Circle
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class objects/instances are defined by exactly the same way we define basic variables. class name followed by object name.

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>

using namespace std;

class Circle{
     public:
       double radius;
};

int main(){
  //Objects instantiations
Circle circle1;
Circle circle2;
double area = 0.0; //Store the area of the circle here

circle1.radius = 2.1;
circle2.radius = 5.3;

// Area of the circle1
area = 3.14 * pow(circle1.radius, 2);
cout << "Area of the circle is " << area << endl;

// Area of the circle2
area = 3.14 * pow(circle2.radius, 2);
cout << "Area of the circle is " << area << endl;

return 0;
}
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when above code compiled and executed, it will produce a follwing result.

Area of the circle is 13.8474
Area of the circle is 88.2026
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