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Rajesh Joshi
Rajesh Joshi

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New Redux 😱 is just πŸ”₯

React Redux is the official React binding for Redux. It allows React components to read data from a Redux Store, and dispatch Actions to the Store to update data.

Redux helps apps to scale by providing a sensible way to manage state through a unidirectional data flow model. React Redux is conceptually simple. It subscribes to the Redux store, checks to see if the data which your component wants have changed, and re-renders your component.


Let's Code a simple Counter App πŸš€

Create new React App

$ npx create-react-app learn-redux
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Add Redux and Redux Toolkit

$ yarn add @reduxjs/toolkit react-redux
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Redux Toolkit is official, opinionated, batteries-included toolset for efficient Redux development. It includes the most widely used Redux addons, like Redux Thunk for async logic and Reselect for writing selector functions, so that you can use them right away.

Directory Structure

src
β”‚   App.js
β”‚   index.js
β”‚
└───redux
β”‚   β”‚   store.js
β”‚   β”‚
β”‚   └───counter
β”‚       β”‚   counterSlice.js
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Create a Redux Store

in the file src/redux/store.js

import { configureStore } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";

export default configureStore({
  reducer: {},
});
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Provide the Redux Store to React

in the file src/index.js

import React from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import App from "./App";
import store from "./redux/store";
import { Provider } from "react-redux";

ReactDOM.render(
  <Provider store={store}>
    <App />
  </Provider>,
  document.getElementById("root")
);
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Create a Redux State Slice for Counter

in the file src/store/counter/counterSlice.js

import { createSlice } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";

export const counterSlice = createSlice({
  name: "counter",
  initialState: {
    value: 0,
  },
  reducers: {
    setCounter: (state, action) => {
      state.value = action.payload;
    },
  },
});

// Action creators are generated for each case reducer function
export const { setCounter } = counterSlice.actions;

export default counterSlice.reducer;
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Add Slice Reducers to the Store

in the file src/redux/store.js

import { configureStore } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";
import counter from "./counter/counterSlice";

export default configureStore({
  reducer: {
    counter,
  },
});
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Write App.js

export default function App() {
  return (
    <div>
      <button aria-label="Increment value">Increment</button>
      <span>#</span>
      <button aria-label="Decrement value">Decrement</button>
    </div>
  );
}
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Import requirements

import { useSelector, useDispatch } from "react-redux";
import { setCounter } from "./redux/counter/counterSlice";
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  • useSelector will be used to fetch data from the global store

  • useDispatch will be used to update the data in the global store

Create Counter variable and insialize the dispatch

const counter = useSelector((state) => state.counter);

const dispatch = useDispatch();
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Accessing the counter value

Update the span tag accordingly.

<span>#{counter.value}</span>
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Writing on Click Events

  • Increment Button
<button
  aria-label="Increment value"
  onClick={() => dispatch(setCounter(counter.value + 1))}
>
  Increment
</button>
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  • Decrement Button
<button
  aria-label="Decrement value"
  onClick={() => dispatch(setCounter(counter.value - 1))}
>
  Decrement
</button>
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App.js looks like this

import React from "react";
import { useSelector, useDispatch } from "react-redux";
import { setCounter } from "./redux/counter/counterSlice";

export default function App() {
  const counter = useSelector((state) => state.counter);

  const dispatch = useDispatch();

  return (
    <div>
      <button
        aria-label="Increment value"
        onClick={() => dispatch(setCounter(counter.value + 1))}
      >
        Increment
      </button>
      <span>{counter.value}</span>
      <button
        aria-label="Decrement value"
        onClick={() => dispatch(setCounter(counter.value - 1))}
      >
        Decrement
      </button>
    </div>
  );
}
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Run the development Server πŸš€

$ yarn start
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React Redux Demo

And, if you hit and of the counter buttons, you'll see the updated values of the counter in the UI.

React Redux


Hurray! You just learned What's new is React Redux.


I hope, you guys liked this quick tutorial. If so, then please don't forget to drop a Like ❀️

And also, help me reach 1k Subscribers 🀩, on my YouTube channel.

Happy Coding! πŸ˜ƒπŸ’»

Discussion (8)

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valeriavg profile image
Valeria

I feel that Redux articles at this one in particular aren't showing what Redux should be used for.
For the provided example, as well as almost any React project, React's useReducer would be a much better option:

import React, { useReducer } from "react";

export default function App() {
  const [counter, dispatch] = useReducer(
    (state, action) =>
      action === "+" ? state + 1 : action === "-" ? state - 1 : state,
    0
  );

  return (
    <div>
      <button aria-label="Increment value" onClick={() => dispatch("+")}>
        Increment
      </button>
      <span>{counter}</span>
      <button aria-label="Decrement value" onClick={() => dispatch("-")}>
        Decrement
      </button>
    </div>
  );
}
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And if you need to pass the state along the app, add a React context to the mix.
So why should one add Redux to the project if React already comes shipped with similar tools?

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iakovosvo profile image
iakovosvo

You definitely don't need redux for a counter app but once your app starts growing and getting more complex you might end up implementing redux yourself.

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ivanjeremic profile image
Ivan Jeremic • Edited on

React is soon getting a useSelector hook in core which makes redux useless.

Thread Thread
phryneas profile image
Lenz Weber

That has been in discussion in years. It might happen, but I would not make any bets on how the final Api will look or write code anticipating it today.

Thread Thread
ivanjeremic profile image
Ivan Jeremic

Until then Valtio is the cleanest solution out there no competition.

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valeriavg profile image
Valeria

Not really, in most cases you're better off with scoped states for a complex app. It makes it much easier to test and maintain.

I think you really need Redux when you need a state that is mutated from a lot of places, so that it makes sense to make it global, or if you want to track the global state of the whole app for the time travel.

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suhakim profile image
sadiul hakim

I love toolkit

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ivanjeremic profile image
Ivan Jeremic • Edited on

Valtio > Redux