DEV Community

Pratham Dupare
Pratham Dupare

Posted on

Components and Optimisations in Next.js - Part 3


Next.js comes with a variety of built-in optimizations designed to improve your application's speed and Core Web Vitals

Built-in Components

1. Images Component:

  • Utilizes the native <img> element.
  • Optimizes image performance by implementing lazy loading.
  • Automatically resizes images based on the device size for improved responsiveness.
import Image from "next/image";

export default function Page() {
  return (
      alt="Picture of the author"
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The Image Component requires the following properties: src, width, height, and alt.

2. Link Component:

The <Link> component in Next.js is a React component that extends the HTML <a> element. It plays a crucial role in providing prefetching and enabling client-side navigation between routes. This component serves as the primary means of navigating between routes in a Next.js application.

  • Built on the native <a> tags.
  • Prefetches pages in the background, enhancing page transition speed.
  • Facilitates faster and smoother navigation between pages.
import Link from "next/link";

export default function Page() {
  return <Link href="/dashboard">Dashboard</Link>;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

href (required)

The path or URL to navigate to.

<Link href="/dashboard">Dashboard</Link>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • Linking to Dynamic Routes
import Link from "next/link";

function Page({ posts }) {
  return (
      { => (
        <li key={}>
          <Link href={`/blog/${post.slug}`}>{post.title}</Link>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

For example, you can generate a list of links to the dynamic route app/blog/[slug]/page.js:

3. Scripts Component:

This is self-explanatory, this let's you run scripts for a specific components.

  • Implemented with the native <script> tags.
  • Provides control over the loading and execution of third-party scripts.
  • Enables efficient management of external scripts for better overall performance.
import Script from "next/script";

export default function Dashboard() {
  return (
      <Script src="" />
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Required Props for Script Component in Next.js

The <Script> component in Next.js requires the following property:

  • src:
    • Type: String
    • Description: A path string specifying the URL of an external script. This can be either an absolute external URL or an internal path.
    • Requirement: The src property is required unless an inline script is used.

Optional Props :

Prop Example Type Required
src src="" String Required unless inline script is used
strategy strategy="lazyOnload" String -
onLoad onLoad={onLoadFunc} Function -
onReady onReady={onReadyFunc} Function -
onError onError={onErrorFunc} Function -

For a comprehensive guide on Next.js components, refer to the Api Reference/Components section of the official Next.js documentation.

Static Assets

The Next.js /public folder serves as a convenient location for hosting static assets such as images, fonts, and other files.

Files stored within the /public directory can be efficiently cached by Content Delivery Network (CDN) providers. This caching mechanism enhances the delivery speed of assets to users, resulting in a smoother browsing experience.


Next.js Metadata API for Improved SEO and Shareability

Next.js provides a Metadata API that allows you to define your application's metadata, including meta and link tags inside the HTML head element. This is crucial for enhancing SEO and improving web shareability.

There are two methods to add metadata to your application:

  1. Config-based Metadata:
  • Export a static metadata object or a dynamic generateMetadata function in a layout.js or page.js file.
  1. File-based Metadata:
    • Add static or dynamically generated special files to route segments.

Regardless of the method chosen, Next.js will automatically generate the relevant <head> elements for your pages. Additionally, you can create dynamic Open Graph (OG) images using the ImageResponse constructor for a more customized and engaging web sharing experience.

To define static metadata, export a Metadata object from a layout.js(we have already seen in previous chapter) or static page.js file.

export const metadata = {
  title: "...",
  description: "...",

export default function Page() {}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

These components and elements cover the fundamental requirements for constructing a speedy and responsive Next.js application.

Top comments (0)