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Nest.js Caching With Redis

piavgh profile image Hoang Trinh ・2 min read

Originally posted at my blog!

What is Redis

Caching is a technique that you'll hear about a lot in the world of highly scalable and performance systems nowadays.

And when I mention caching, I hope that the first word that pops out of your head is Redis.

Beside caching, Redis is used for some other use cases:

  • Pub/Sub
  • Queues
  • Real-time analysis
  • ...

But today, I will only tell you about Redis as a caching solution.

What is Nest.js

In short, Nest provides an out-of-the-box application architecture that allows developers and teams to create highly testable, scalable, loosely coupled, and easily maintainable applications.

If you've worked with frameworks such as Laravel, PhalconPHP or Java Spring, you will realize immediately that framework like Express.js is lack of a "frame", or architecture. Different Express.js projects built by different teams will have different structures.

But with Nest.js, you can expect that all teams will share the same architecture.

You can find more information about Nest.js at its official website: https://docs.nestjs.com

How to add Redis into your Nest.js project

If you searched Google for keywords like "nest.js redis", you might see some npm packages like this one or some people are even using this package alone.

But you can also use the official way from Nest.js:

1. Create your RedisCacheModule

1.1. redisCache.module.ts

import { Module, CacheModule } from '@nestjs/common';
import { ConfigModule, ConfigService } from '@nestjs/config';
import * as redisStore from 'cache-manager-redis-store';
import { RedisCacheService } from './redisCache.service';

@Module({
  imports: [
    CacheModule.registerAsync({
      imports: [ConfigModule],
      inject: [ConfigService],
      useFactory: async (configService: ConfigService) => ({
        store: redisStore,
        host: configService.get('REDIS_HOST'),
        port: configService.get('REDIS_PORT'),
        ttl: configService.get('CACHE_TTL'),
      }),
    }),
  ],
  providers: [RedisCacheService],
  exports: [RedisCacheService] // This is IMPORTANT,  you need to export RedisCacheService here so that other modules can use it
})
export class RedisCacheModule {}

1.2. redisCache.service.ts

import { Injectable, Inject, CACHE_MANAGER } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Cache } from 'cache-manager';

@Injectable()
export class RedisCacheService {
  constructor(
    @Inject(CACHE_MANAGER) private readonly cache: Cache,
  ) {}

  async get(key) {
    await this.cache.get(key);
  }

  async set(key, value) {
    await this.cache.set(key, value);
  }
}

2. Inject RedisCacheModule wherever you need it

Let's just assume we will use it in module DailyReportModule:

2.1. dailyReport.module.ts:

import { Module } from '@nestjs/common';
import { RedisCacheModule } from '../cache/redisCache.module';
import { DailyReportService } from './dailyReport.service';

@Module({
  imports: [RedisCacheModule],
  providers: [DailyReportService],
})
export class DailyReportModule {}

2.2. dailyReport.service.ts

We will use the redisCacheService here:

import { Injectable, Logger } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Cron } from '@nestjs/schedule';
import { RedisCacheService } from '../cache/redisCache.service';

@Injectable()
export class DailyReportService {
  private readonly logger = new Logger(DailyReportService.name);

  constructor(
    private readonly redisCacheService: RedisCacheService, // REMEMBER TO INJECT THIS
  ) {}

  @Cron('0 1 0 * * *') // Run cron job at 00:01:00 everyday
  async handleCacheDailyReport() {
    this.logger.debug('Handle cache to Redis');
  }
}

You can check my sample code here.

Happy coding!

Discussion (2)

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philosofonusus profile image
TENTACLE • Edited

If you want to use it in app interceptor and you are getting something like:
"Please make sure that the argument CACHE_MANAGER at index [0] is available in AppModule"
Just add CacheModule in exports of your redisCache module.

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olustrrax profile image
dan's cat

Can I connect to redis on cluster aws?