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Pavan Belagatti
Pavan Belagatti

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7 Web Development Stacks You Should Know in 2024!

In the ever-evolving landscape of web development, mastering the art of full-stack application building has become a pivotal skill for developers looking to create robust, scalable, and efficient web applications. This journey through "7 Ways to Build a Full-Stack Application" unveils a spectrum of modern development stacks that cater to a variety of project requirements and personal preferences.

1. Full-Stack AI Application Using React and Elegance SDK

  • Frontend: React
  • Backend: Node.js
  • Database: SingleStoreDB (supports MySQL and MongoDB through SingleStore Kai™)
  • AI Integration: OpenAI API
  • Toolkit: Elegance SDK
  • Advantages: Seamlessly integrating AI functionalities into applications, simplifying database management with pre-configured connections, enhancing developer productivity through ready-to-use components.

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Key Features:

  • Pre-configured SingleStoreDB connection: Simplifies database setup, allowing for efficient data flow.
  • AI integrations: Leverages the OpenAI API for intelligent features such as chat completions and content suggestions.
  • Support for multiple databases: Offers flexibility in database choice beyond SingleStoreDB.
  • File embeddings generation: Converts various file formats into actionable insights for advanced data analysis.
  • Full-stack tooling: Includes ready-to-use Node.js controllers and React.js hooks for a comprehensive development experience.

2. MEAN Stack

  • Frontend: Angular
  • Backend: Node.js with Express.js
  • Database: MongoDB
  • Advantages: Single language (JavaScript) across the stack, efficient for real-time applications.

MEAN Stack

The JavaScript MEAN stack is a powerful, modern approach to full-stack web development, utilizing a single programming language—JavaScript—across both the client and server sides, which streamlines development and reduces the learning curve for developers.

At the frontend, Angular provides a robust framework for creating dynamic, single-page applications, offering a rich set of features such as two-way data binding and modular design.

On the backend, Node.js, coupled with the Express.js framework, enables the development of fast, scalable server-side applications. MongoDB, a NoSQL database, complements this stack by offering a flexible, document-oriented database that integrates seamlessly with JavaScript, making it easier to store and retrieve data in a JSON-like format.

One of the key advantages of the MEAN stack is its efficiency in building real-time applications, thanks to JavaScript's event-driven nature and the non-blocking I/O model of Node.js, facilitating the development of highly responsive and interactive web applications.

3. MERN Stack

  • Frontend: React
  • Backend: Node.js with Express.js
  • Database: MongoDB
  • Advantages: React's virtual DOM offers high performance; the stack is great for developing complex, interactive web applications.

MERN Stack

The JavaScript MERN Stack is a modern web development framework that combines four powerful technologies: MongoDB, Express.js, React, and Node.js.

It's specifically designed for building dynamic and interactive web applications. The stack's frontend utilizes React, known for its virtual DOM feature, which significantly enhances application performance by efficiently updating the user interface. This makes it exceptionally suitable for creating complex, interactive web applications that require frequent UI updates.

On the backend, Node.js serves as the runtime environment, with Express.js as the web application framework, simplifying the development of server-side logic and APIs.

MongoDB, a NoSQL database, offers a flexible and scalable storage solution, aligning with the stack's emphasis on modern, efficient web application development. The integration of these technologies allows developers to use JavaScript across the entire stack, streamlining development processes and facilitating the creation of real-time, high-performance web applications.

4. MEVN Stack

  • Frontend: Vue.js
  • Backend: Node.js with Express.js
  • Database: MongoDB
  • Advantages: Vue.js is lightweight and easy to learn, making it ideal for small to medium-scale projects.

mevn stack
The JavaScript MEVN Stack combines MongoDB, Express.js, Vue.js, and Node.js into a cohesive framework designed for developing scalable and dynamic web applications.

This stack is celebrated for its efficiency and the streamlined development process it offers, thanks to the uniformity of JavaScript across both client and server sides. At the forefront of this setup is Vue.js, known for its lightweight and intuitive architecture, which makes it particularly appealing for small to medium-sized projects.

Vue.js facilitates rapid development and easy integration, making it accessible to developers of varying skill levels. The backend is powered by Node.js, with Express.js serving as the middleware to simplify the routing and handling of requests, while MongoDB offers a flexible, schema-less database that accommodates the complex data needs of modern web applications.

5. LAMP Stack

  • Frontend: PHP
  • Backend: Apache
  • Database: MySQL
  • Advantages: Well-established stack with a vast community, great for traditional web applications.

lamp stack
The LAMP stack, an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP, is a classic and widely adopted platform for developing web applications. Its components include Linux as the operating system, Apache as the web server, MySQL as the relational database management system, and PHP as the object-oriented scripting language.

This stack benefits from being one of the most established in the industry, boasting a large and active community that contributes to a wealth of resources, tutorials, and support. It's particularly favored for traditional web applications due to its reliability, flexibility, and the comprehensive ecosystem of tools and libraries available.

The LAMP stack's open-source nature allows for customization and scalability, making it a cost-effective choice for businesses and developers. Its longstanding presence in the tech industry has proven its capability to build dynamic websites and applications efficiently.

6. Django Stack

  • Frontend and Backend: Django (a Python framework)
  • Database: SQLite (default), but can be configured to use others like PostgreSQL
  • Advantages: Django is a high-level framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.

The Python Django stack is a highly efficient framework for developing web applications, utilizing Django for both the frontend and backend aspects of development. Django, a Python framework, is celebrated for its "batteries-included" approach, providing a wide array of built-in features for rapid web application development.

This high-level framework promotes clean, pragmatic design, enabling developers to build complex, data-driven websites quickly and with less code. By default, Django uses SQLite, making it easy for developers to get started without the hassle of database configuration.

However, it also offers the flexibility to be configured with other database systems like PostgreSQL, providing scalability and robustness for growing applications.

7. Ruby on Rails

  • Frontend and Backend: Ruby on Rails (a Ruby framework)
  • Database: SQLite3, PostgreSQL, or MySQL
  • Advantages: Convention over configuration principle speeds up development. Great for startups and fast prototyping.


Ruby on Rails, often simply Rails, is a powerful web application framework written in Ruby. It is highly appreciated for its "convention over configuration" principle, which streamlines development by reducing the amount of decisions developers need to make, thus accelerating the creation of applications.

Rails is a full-stack framework, meaning it provides components to handle both the frontend and the backend aspects of web development. It supports various databases like SQLite3, PostgreSQL, and MySQL, offering flexibility in choosing the data storage solution that best fits a project's needs.

This framework is particularly beneficial for startups and projects that aim for rapid prototyping due to its ease of use, extensive libraries, and supportive community.


In the ever-evolving landscape of web development, mastering full-stack application building is a crucial skill for modern developers. This article has navigated through a variety of approaches, from the traditional LAMP stack to the innovative use of AI with the Elegance SDK.

Each method offers its unique blend of technologies and advantages, catering to different project requirements, team skills, and end goals. As the web development field continues to expand, staying informed and adaptable to these diverse strategies will not only enhance your skill set but also open up new possibilities for creating robust, efficient, and scalable web applications. Embrace the journey of learning and experimenting with these stacks as you forge ahead in the dynamic world of full-stack development.

Webinar: How to Build a Full Stack AI App in React with Elegance SDK - SingleStore

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Top comments (5)

bansikah profile image
Tandap Noel Bansikah

Great tech stacks

devluc profile image

Great overview for the best tech stacks for web devs

pavanbelagatti profile image
Pavan Belagatti

Thanks 😊

cjsmocjsmo profile image
Charlie J Smotherman

What about golang + HTMX?
What about Leptos?
What about Dioxus?
What about Winter.js?

And the list goes on, and on, and on.
And it seems like there is a new javascript web framework released every week these days.

Here of late I have been migrating away from the javascript frameworks in favor of the rust frameworks.

Happy Coding

uciharis profile image
the hengker

yeaa, just learn 1 language to build a powerfull fullstack skill