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Rootless systemd and podman

onichandame profile image onichandame Updated on ・1 min read

Systemd is a useful tool programmatically managing routine tasks. I encountered a specific situation with some constraints:

  1. start task on boot as a non-root user
  2. auto restart on failure

The solution to this issue is to create a systemd task as the non-root user.

Steps

Create the service

systemctl edit --user --full --force <service_name>

add the content

[Unit]
Description=<Service>

[Service]
Restart=always
ExecStart=<Servece_Start>
ExecStop=<Service_Stop>

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target

the last line registers the service to the dependency list for auto-start

enable the service

systemctl enable --user <service_name>

(optional) enable linger

 sudo loginctl enable-linger "$USER"

This is to allow the service continuing to run after the user is logged out.

Podman Service

When running podman container as a systemd service, the ExecStart command should be podman start -a <container_name> and the ExecStop command should be podman stop -t <seconds_to_wait> <container_name>. Details can be found at https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_enterprise_linux_atomic_host/7/html/managing_containers/running_containers_as_systemd_services_with_podman

Credits

Thanks to this issue

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