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Zack DeRose for Nx

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What's New With Lerna 6.5?

In case you missed it, Lerna version 6.5 recently launched. We'll catch you up on the latest Lerna news and newest features.

Table of Contents

Lerna: Brought to You by Nx

In case you missed it, Lerna, the OG JavaScript monorepo tool, went largely unmaintained for a while, starting around 2020. Then, it officially declared itself to be unmaintained in April of 2022, only for Nx to step in to take over maintenance of the project in May of 2022!

You can find a more detailed account of Lerna's "Maintainance Odyssey" in this article.

Since Nx took over in Lerna 4, we've added a brand new site to refresh the Lerna Docs:

The top of our priorities for Lerna 5 was to resolve all vulnerabilities and outdated dependencies facing Lerna. We went on to make Lerna faster by allowing users to opt into Nx's task caching inside of Lerna with the new lerna add-caching command, and add support for distributed caching to share task results amongst your organization in Lerna with Nx Cloud.

We were proud to go on to launch Lerna 6 last October, where we began focusing on further improving Lerna's feature set - focusing specifically on its unique strengths: versioning and publishing.

Still on Lerna 4?

Here's how to upgrade to the latest and greatest.

We've also started an initiative to assist Open Source projects in getting the most out of Lerna. Projects that use Lerna can now request free consulting to learn how to take advantage of Lerna's newest features.

We've just started this initiative and have already been able to help Sentry get optimized with task caching and task pipeline optimizations for their workspace!

Nx Cloud

This initiative complements our free tier of unlimited Nx Cloud for any Open Source project.

If you're interested in optimizing your Open Source project to take advantage of the latest Lerna features, reach out to us on Twitter!

Now let's jump into the newest Lerna 6.5 features!

Idempotency Added to the lerna publish from-git Command

"Idempotent" is a word used to describe an operation you can perform any number of times, and the resulting state is the same as if you had only run the operation once.

The lerna publish command is a beneficial tool for quickly publishing multiple packages from your workspace:

  • Running lerna publish by itself will version and publish all packages in the workspace since your latest release
  • Running lerna publish from-git will publish all projects tagged in the latest commit
  • Running lerna publish from-package will publish all projects whose version does not yet exist in the target registry based on the version listed in their package.json file.

As we can see, lerna publish from-package is already idempotent (since it only publishes packages whose version doesn't exist, any run past the first will not adjust the state of the registry).

With 6.5, we've added the same idempotency to lerna publish from-git. This update is handy for recovering from a situation where some of your packages failed to publish initially (maybe due to a networking issue).

For more information, check out the PR

lerna run Can Run Multiple Scripts In a Single Command

For 6.5, we've added the ability to run multiple scripts in a single lerna run command! Checkout this quick video demonstrating this below:

Learn more here.

New --include-private Option Added To lerna publish

Npm supports a "private": true configuration as a way of preventing the publication of a library that is private.

> lerna publish from-git --include-private my-private-package
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Running lerna publish with this new --include-private option (as above) will strip this "private": true configuration from the package.json of the packages listed in the command.

This new option is beneficial for the use case where you'd like to run e2e for a package that will eventually be public but is currently private to prevent getting published too soon.

You can find more information on this change [here]((

Massive Refactor

Unlike the other updates mentioned for 6.5, this update does not affect Lerna's public API, but as you can see from the numbers, this was quite an undertaking:

1,875 files changed
+62,345 lines, -69,303 lines

The result is a significant improvement to the Typescript support for Lerna's internals and a substantial simplification of the codebase. This investment will make Lerna significantly more approachable to other would-be contributors!

Find more on this change here.

Getting Started With Lerna From The Lerna Team

We recently ran a live stream with James Henry and Austin Fahsl from our Lerna team to show how to get started with Lerna, all the way through to versioning and publishing our packages to npm!

Check out the recap of this session above, and check out the repo from our session on GitHub.

The Future of Lerna

Looking to the future, we are targeting Q2 of 2023 for Lerna v7 (including a --dry-run option for both lerna version and lerna publish commands - you can catch a sneak-peak of this in James' talk from Nx Conf 2022 below!)

You can find a roadmap for all the features we plan to add in Lerna 7 on Github!

Lerna More!

If you liked this, click the 👏 and make sure to follow Lerna and Zack on Twitter for more!

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