Modules and packages are an essential part of any programming language, and Python is no exception. They allow you to reuse code and split your code into manageable and organized components. In this article, we will discuss the basics of modules and packages in Python and how they can be used to make your code more maintainable and scalable.
A module is a Python file that contains definitions and statements. The file name is the module name with the suffix
.py. For example, if you have a file named
mymodule.py, you can import it into your Python script as follows:
import statement allows you to use the definitions and statements in the module within your script. You can access the definitions and statements using the module name followed by a dot
(.) and the definition or statement name.
For example, if the
mymodule.py file contains the following:
def greet(name): print("Hello, " + name)
You can use the
greet function in your script as follows:
import mymodule mymodule.greet("John")
This will print "
A package is a directory that contains one or more modules. The directory name is the package name, and the module names are the names of the Python files within the directory. You can import a module from a package as follows:
from package_name import module_name
For example, if you have a package named
mypackage with a module named
mymodule, you can import the module into your script as follows:
from mypackage import mymodule
You can then use the
mymodule definitions and statements within your script.
You can also import multiple modules from the same package as follows:
from mypackage import module1, module2
Modules and packages are an important part of the Python programming language and are essential for code organization and reuse. They allow you to split your code into manageable components, making it easier to maintain and scale. With a good understanding of modules and packages, you can write better and more organized Python code.
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