DEV Community

Cover image for Discover the Magic of Higher Order Components in React
Mohamed Zuhair
Mohamed Zuhair

Posted on

Discover the Magic of Higher Order Components in React

Table of Contents:


If you're a React developer, you've probably heard of higher-order components (HOCs). But do you know what they are, how they work, and why you should use them? In this article, we're going to take a deep dive into HOCs and explain how they can help you write cleaner, more efficient code in your React applications.

What are Higher Order Components?

At their core, higher-order components are functions that take in a component as an argument and return a new, enhanced version of that component. In other words, an HOC is a function that wraps another component, adding additional functionality or behavior to it.

This may sound abstract, but it's actually a pretty simple concept. Think of it like this: you have a base component that does one thing really well, but you want to add some additional functionality to it without modifying the original component. You could copy and paste the original component's code and make modifications, but this would violate the DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) principle and make your code harder to maintain.

Instead, you can use an HOC to create a new component that wraps the original component and adds the additional functionality you need. This new component can then be reused throughout your app, just like any other component.

The Benefits of Using Higher Order Components in React

So why should you use HOCs in your React applications? There are several benefits:

  1. Reusability: As mentioned earlier, an HOC is a reusable function that can be applied to any component. This means you can write an HOC once and use it in multiple places throughout your app.

  2. Composability: Since HOCs are just functions that return components, you can easily compose them together to create more complex behaviors.

  3. Separation of Concerns: HOCs can help you separate concerns in your code, making it easier to reason about and maintain. By separating concerns into smaller, more manageable pieces, you can also make your code more reusable.

  4. Code reuse: HOCs can help you avoid duplicating code, which can lead to bugs and make your code harder to maintain.

Implementing Higher Order Components in Your React App

Implementing an HOC in your React app is relatively straightforward. Here's a basic example:

function withLogger(WrappedComponent) {
  return class extends React.Component {
    componentDidMount() {
      console.log('Component mounted:',;

    render() {
      return <WrappedComponent {...this.props} />;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, we're creating an HOC called withLogger that takes in a component as an argument (WrappedComponent) and returns a new component that logs when the component mounts. This HOC can be used like this:

const EnhancedComponent = withLogger(MyComponent);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Then, we're creating a new component called EnhancedComponent that is the result of wrapping MyComponent with the withLogger HOC. EnhancedComponent can now be used just like any other component in our app.


Higher-order components are a powerful tool in the React developer's toolbox. They can help you write more reusable, composable, and maintainable code in your React applications. By using HOCs, you can separate concerns, avoid duplicating code, and create more complex behaviors with ease.

Top comments (0)