The Tkinter module is a graphical user interface (GUI) module that comes with Python. It allows Python programmers to create GUI applications with widgets and other features for desktop and web applications. Tkinter was developed for the Tcl language, but it was later ported to Python and has been included in every version of Python since the 1.4 release.
Tkinter is a built-in module in Python, so there is no need to install it separately. It can be imported into a Python script like any other module using the 'import' statement.
To use Tkinter, you first need to create a top-level window that will serve as the container for all the widgets. The basic syntax to create a window is as follows:
import tkinter as tk root = tk.Tk() root.mainloop()
This will create a basic window with the title "Tk" and an empty window. The mainloop() method will keep the window open until it is closed.
Tkinter provides various types of widgets, such as buttons, labels, text boxes, radio buttons, and more. You can add these widgets to the window using the
pack(), grid(), or place() methods. Here is an example of how to create a button widget:
import tkinter as tk root = tk.Tk() button = tk.Button(root, text='Click Me') button.pack() root.mainloop()
This code will create a button labeled "Click Me" and place it in the window using the pack() method.
In Tkinter, you can bind events to widgets, such as button clicks or key presses. When an event occurs, a callback function is called to handle the event. Here is an example of how to bind a button click event to a callback function:
import tkinter as tk def on_button_click(): print('Button clicked') root = tk.Tk() button = tk.Button(root, text='Click Me', command=on_button_click) button.pack() root.mainloop()
This code will create a button labeled "Click Me" and bind the on_button_click() function to the button's click event using the command parameter.
Tkinter is a powerful module that allows you to create GUI applications in Python. With its wide variety of widgets and event handling capabilities, it is easy to create complex and interactive applications. However, it is recommended to use other more powerful and sophisticated frameworks and libraries, like PyQt, for more advanced and big projects.