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Installing Docker and Kubernetes on Ubuntu

Nishant Rajput
・3 min read

Docker and Kubernetes are the heroes of the DevOps world.
Docker is a containerization platform and Kubernetes is a container orchestrator for platforms like Docker.

This article will discuss how we can set up Docker and Kubernetes on our Ubuntu machine.

Setting Up Docker

We will be setting up Docker by adding its repository to our package index and then installing the Docker Debian packages via our apt package manager.

Let's begin.

Step-1: Refreshing package index and installing packages to use repository over https

First, we will refresh our package index, and install some packages which will help us add PGP keys and setting up therepository right through https

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install \
    apt-transport-https \
    ca-certificates \
    curl \
    gnupg \
    lsb-release
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Step-2: Adding Docker's official GPG key

Run the below command, and it will automatically add Docker PGP keys to our system

$ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
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Step-3: Adding docker repository to apt package index

Now that we are done adding keys, it's time to add the repository URL which will help us install and timely update Docker on our system.

$ echo \
  "deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
  $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
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Step-4: Refreshing package index and Installing Docker apt packages

Now finally, it's time to install Docker. But first, we will need to refresh our package index as well.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
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Step-5: Testing Docker

Now that we have installed Docker, let us test it and give it a try.

sudo docker run hello-world
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After you have run the above command if everything works fine you see output like below the image on your screen.
Screenshot from 2021-07-17 13-10-53

Setting Up Kubernetes

We will go through the process to install Kubernetes through the apt package manager and snap both. You can choose which suits you better

Installing via apt package manager

Step-1: Refreshing package index and installing packages to use repository over https

First, we will refresh our package index, and install some packages which will help us add PGP keys and setting up the repository right through https

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl
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Step-2: Adding Kubernetes PGP key

Run the below command, and it will automatically add Kubernetes PGP keys to our system

$ sudo curl -fsSLo /usr/share/keyrings/kubernetes-archive-keyring.gpg https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg
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Step-3: Adding Kubernetes repository to package index

Now that we are done adding keys, it's time to add repository URL which will help us install and timely update Kubernetes (kubectl) on our system.

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/kubernetes-archive-keyring.gpg] https://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
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Step-4: Refreshing package index and installing Kubectl

Now finally, its time to install Kubernetes(kubectl). But first, we will need to refresh our package index as well.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install -y kubectl
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Installing Kubectl via snap package manager

Installing kubectl via snap is pretty easy and a single command work. You can also pick this alternative to set up Kubernetes. Though I will recommend installing via apt package manager as it is easily updatable.

$ snap install kubectl --classic
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