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Fran C.
Fran C.

Posted on • Originally published at on

My emacs setup

I moved to emacs some time ago. Before using it I was a Vim user and after using it for quite a long time I decided to try emacs to see what it had to offer.

I started by using prelude it worked pretty well and I was pretty happy with it. The only problem I found on it is that I missed modal edition too much. So, after some time with prelude I moved to Spacemacs.

Spacemacs puts together emacs with a quite sane configuration forevil

It works pretty well, if you're a Vim user and you're thinking on trying emacs this is a good way to move. If after some time you don't want to use the modal edition anymore you can configure it to work the "emacs way" and it will work as well as with evil. I'm not going to explain all the cool things on Spacemcas, for that you can just check their page and amazing documentation, it explains everything pretty well.

I've very little customizations for emacs, I mostly use the spacemacs' default config expcept for some stuff:

Emacs as daemon

Starting spacemacs takes a bit of time, so the best way to have it working is to start emacs as a daemon and then using the emacsclient command to connect to it.

By default, starting spacemcas starts it as a daemon but sometimes I found myself starting Spacemacs from the desktop environment and then connecting to it for small editions like quick git commits. Right now I useArch Linux on my development machine so I started playing with systemd to start it for me. It turned out to be a very quick win. One good thing with arch and systemd is that you can set up systemd to have user managed unit files (not started by root). To do so you just have to create the unit on~/.config/systemd/user/emacs.service

This is the one I use for spacemacs:

Description=Emacs daemon

ExecStart=/usr/bin/emacs --daemon
ExecStop=/usr/bin/emacsclient --eval "(kill-emacs)"

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After adding the file just do:

systemctl --user enable emacs # to make it start with the machine
systemctl --user start emacs # to start it right away
systemctl --user stop emacs # to stop the daemon
systemctl --user restart emacs # to restart the daemon
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Connect to emacs daemon from the terminal

Now, to connect into your emacs daemon you just have to do emacsclient -t.

I usually set it as my default editor with this on my zshrc:

export EDITOR="emacsclient -t"
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and then I set an alias for it:

alias e=$EDITOR
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Then, when I want to edit a file I just do: e filename.ext

Connect to emacs daemon from the desktop environment

That's pretty cool for quick edits in the terminal, but most of the times I work on an emacs window on my desktop environment. I wanted to be able to connect to the daemon too, so I ended up adding this to~/.local/share/applications/spacemacs.desktop:

[Desktop Entry]
GenericName=Text Editor
Comment=Edit text
Exec=emacsclient -c %F
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The -c flag asks emacsclient to create a new frame controlled by the window manager. In my case Gnome Shell.

Emacs customizations

As I said before I almost use "vanilla" spacemacs. Most of its config is good enough for everything I do, except for a couple of things.

All this configs go in the dotspacemcas/user-config() function on your ~/.spacemacs

Word movement:

If you're a Vim user, you'd expect that moving 1 word in method-name would take you to the last e. This is not the case in emacs. To change it in ruby and javascript:

(add-hook 'js2-mode-hook #'(lambda () (modify-syntax-entry ?_ "w")))
(add-hook 'ruby-mode-hook #'(lambda () (modify-syntax-entry ?_ "w")))
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Edit rabl files with ruby:

;; *.rabl files are ruby
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.rabl" . ruby-mode)))
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Open the project root when selecting a project with projectile

;; Go to project root folder when switching to it
(setq projectile-switch-project-action 'projectile-dired)
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Have a separate file for the emacs customizations.

Emacs has an easy customization mechanism(see). I don't use it most of the times, but there're some times in which emacs stores stuff in the ~/.spacemacs file because of it even if you don't want it. To avoid it I use a separate file for this customizations. To do so, add this to your dotspacemacs/user-init():

(setq custom-file "~/.emacs-custom.el")
(load custom-file)
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All customizations will to to ~/.emacs-custom.el instead of your dotspacemacs file.


I also have other stuff customized, like the layers I load, etc... but not much. If you're curious you can checkmy dotspacemacs file

I'm sure I'm missing something, but this is most of it. Enjoy emacs and good hacking!

Top comments (1)

kunde21 profile image
Chad Kunde

In addition to a system daemon, the daemon can be used to create workspace/project-specific emacs daemon using the named daemon feature. Passing an empty alternate editor flag -a "" and a daemon name -s <name> to emacsclient will connect to the named emacs daemon (creating it if it doesn't exist). You can keep projects separate this way.

My bash alias creates a daemon with the name of the current directory: alias wmac='emacsclient -t -a "" -s ${PWD##*/}'