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Rohith ND
Rohith ND

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Black Line Follower with Arduino

In this blog, I will show you how to build a black line follower robot with an Arduino microcontroller and IR Sensors.

line follower

Components required

  • Arduino UNO
  • IR Sensor
  • Gear Motors
  • IC L293D

Arduino UNO

Arduino is an opensource electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs - light on a sensor , a finger on a button , or a twitter message - and turn it into an output - activating a motor , turning on a LED , publishing something online. To do so use the Arduino programming language (based on wiring) and the Arduino Software (IDE) based on processing.

IR Sensor

An infrared sensor is an electronic device that emits and/or detects infrared radiation in order to sense some aspects of its surroundings.

Gear Motors

It is a DC motor with a gear box for decreasing the speed and increasing the torque and power . This type of motors is commonly used for robotic applications.

IC L293D

IC L293D is a dual H-bridge motor driver integrated circuit that can drive current of up to 600mA with voltage range of 4.5 to 36 volts.

l293d

Code

int leftir =2;
int rightir = 3;
int leftmotor =4;
int leftmotor1 = 5;
int rightmotor = 6;
int rightmotor1 = 7;

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
pinMode(leftir,INPUT);
pinMode(rightir,INPUT);
pinMode(leftmotor,OUTPUT);
pinMode(leftmotor1,OUTPUT);
pinMode(rightmotor,OUTPUT);
pinMode(rightmotor1,OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
 if(digitalRead(leftir) == HIGH && digitalRead(rightir) == HIGH);
 {
  digitalWrite(leftmotor ,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(leftmotor1,LOW);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor1,LOW);
  Serial.println("FORWARD");
  }
  if(digitalRead(leftir) == HIGH && digitalRead(rightir) == LOW);
 {
  digitalWrite(leftmotor ,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(leftmotor1,LOW);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor,LOW);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor1,HIGH);
  Serial.println("LEFT");

  }
   if(digitalRead(leftir) == LOW && digitalRead(rightir) == HIGH);
 {
  digitalWrite(leftmotor ,LOW);
  digitalWrite(leftmotor1,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor1,LOW);
  Serial.println("RIGHT");
  }
   if(digitalRead(leftir) == LOW && digitalRead(rightir) == LOW);
 {
  digitalWrite(leftmotor ,LOW);
  digitalWrite(leftmotor1,HIGH);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor,LOW);
  digitalWrite(rightmotor1,HIGH);
  Serial.println("BACKWARD");
  }
}
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